Posted on March 28, 2020

Benevolent Xenophobia

Brett Stevens, American Renaissance, March 28, 2020

Diversity

The postwar world’s ideological mission is expanding “individual rights.” Elites undermined cultures, traditions, and customs that supposedly restricted individual liberty. The “Open Society” would cater to the newly liberated individual’s desires.

Nation-states became essentially large apartment complexes. Consumers payed taxes so they could participate in an economy. They could “shop” for whatever nation-state offered the best economic opportunities. Nationality became something you could choose for individual advantage.

In the 19th century, some elites tried to contain different ethnic groups within the same empire. This failed effort helped spark World War I. Today, elites pursue power by trying to unite individuals. They build economic units for liberated, deracinated individuals, not ethnic groups.

After World War II, Western elites decided that multi-racial democracy was the only acceptable system. White racial identity was a threat. White identity means people see themselves as something more than consumers. With few exceptions, Western political leaders don’t talk about protecting an ethnic group or a national population. They talk about promoting democracy and equality.

The Soviet Union’s collapse meant Westerners no longer had a prominent example of the dangers of utopian egalitarianism. Thus, Francis Fukuyama could write in 1992’s The End of History and the Last Man:

What is emerging victorious, in other words, is not so much liberal practice, as the liberal idea. That is to say, for a very large part of the world, there is now no ideology with pretensions to universality that is in a position to challenge liberal democracy, and no universal principle of legitimacy other than the sovereignty of the people.1

The “liberal idea” means pursuing social equality via class warfare, political equality via democracy, economic equality via socialism, sexual equality via LGBT rights and feminism, and genetic equality via mass immigration, race denial, and globalism.

The End of History and the Last Man by Francis Fukuyama

Individual liberation requires eliminating inequality’s root causes, including racial prejudice and racial consciousness. Governments enforce “civil rights” in order to protect individuals from natural inequality. Furthermore, if the “liberal idea” is the final stage of mankind’s political evolution, those who oppose it are ignorant and bigoted. Thus, violence and repression against white advocates would not violate individual rights. They are tactics necessary to protect them. Humanity will live in peace and equality if “racism” is eliminated.

Unfortunately, nature doesn’t conform to this dream. American Renaissance and other publications discuss taboo subjects such as racial disparities in crime, IQ, time preference, and r/K breeding strategies. Dissidents publish evidence that “racial equality” is just another utopian illusion.

Whatever liberals may believe, equality is an illusion. Many studies have found that stereotypes are essentially correct because groups are different. However, contrary the claims of many liberals, people set aside stereotypes in the face of contrary evidence. They quickly adjust their assumptions if a black woman turns out to be good at math.

Black and White IQ Distribution

However, there are group differences on average, and “racists” notice them. Our country has radically changed since the 1965 Hart-Celler Act opened the gates to mass non-white immigration. The consequences include increasing loneliness and alienation,3 wage stagnation,4 and more crime.5 A society meant to defend individual rights is making us lonely and miserable.

Starting in the early 1990s, I began writing that diversity itself is the problem, because it fragments social unity. Societies thrive when there is a cultural consensus on behavior, values, aesthetics, ideals, and faith. These “truths” are sometimes arbitrary, but they are still valuable.

Samuel P. Huntington said something similar in his 1996 The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order: that humanity would break into “civilizations” based on religion, ethnicity, and culture.

The failure of trade and communications to produce peace or common feeling is consonant with the findings of social science. In social psychology, distinctiveness theory holds that people define themselves by what makes them different from others in a particular context: “one perceives oneself in terms of characteristics that distinguish oneself from other humans, especially from people in one’s social milieu . . . a woman psychologist in the company of a dozen women who work at other occupations thinks of herself as a psychologist; when with a dozen male psychologists, she thinks of herself as a woman. People define their identity by what they are not. As increased communications, trade, and travel multiply the interactions among civilizations, people increasingly accord greater relevance to their civilizational identity . . . . From sociology, globalization theory produces a similar conclusion: “in an increasingly globalized world — characterized by historically exceptional degrees of civilizational, societal and other modes of interdependence and widespread consciousness thereof — there is an exacerbation of civilizational, societal and ethnic self-consciousness.” 6

Mr. Fukuyama seemed wistful and somewhat despondent about his conclusions but he didn’t see an alternative. Samuel Huntington did. The quest for a single system will fail. Humanity will fragment into different civilizations with different “truths.”

The Clash of Civilizations by Samuel Huntington

If a state includes different civilizations within itself they will compete for power and the state will become unstable. Conflict within a society creates widespread distrust.

As Robert Putnam of Harvard explains:

New evidence from the US suggests that in ethnically diverse neighbourhoods residents of all races tend to “hunker down.” Trust (even of one’s own race) is lower, altruism and community cooperation rarer, friends fewer. In the long run, however, successful immigrant societies have overcome such fragmentation by creating new, cross-cutting forms of social solidarity and more encompassing identities. Illustrations of becoming comfortable with diversity are drawn from the US military, religious institutions, and earlier waves of American immigration.7

Countless American politicians and celebrities say that “diversity is our strength.” This is a profession of faith to our state religion. Diversity is a weakness. No matter what races are involved, diversity makes societies fall apart, as I have written before:

Each of us is a history of traits, including mental traits, shaped by our culture. In any given culture, those whose inherent tendencies match the values of that culture succeed; those who don’t match are less likely to breed successfully. Over time, this produces a shared cultural values system, which in turn produces philosophical and political consensus, and this is the basis of every great civilization that has ever existed (although most are in decline at this time, and race-mixing is one symptom of this decline). Without consensus, there is no agreement to move upward and become better, so civilizations decline by settling on a pale imitation of that, such as “Social Darwinism” by which we decide those who earn the most money — not those who do the best job at a given task, but those who make the most money from their task, regardless of how well it is done — are the most valued in that society.

I prefer a society of my own kind, with shared ethno-cultural values, and I don’t view that as insulting to African-Americans or any other ethnic group; in fact it’s the opposite: the highest respect I can grant to any group is to insist that they be separate and be allowed to do things their own way, since otherwise is to presume that my way is better, and thus to impose it upon them as an “improvement” over what they are.8

Even culture is partially genetic. As Jonathan Haidt says:

All human beings today are the products of the co-evolution of a set of genes (which is almost identical across cultures) and a set of cultural elements (which is diverse across cultures, but still constrained by the capacities and predispositions of the human mind). For example, the genetic evolution of the emotion of disgust made it possible (but not inevitable) for cultures to develop caste systems based on occupation and strongly supported by disgust toward those who perform “polluting” activities. A caste system then restricts marriage to within-caste pairings, which in turn alters the course of genetic evolution. After a thousand years of inbreeding within castes, castes will diverge slightly on a few genetic traits — for example, shades of skin color — which might in turn lead to growing cultural association of caste with color rather than with occupation. (It only takes twenty generations of selective breeding to create large differences of appearance and behavior in other mammals.) In this way, genes and cultures co-evolve; they mutually affect each other, and neither process can be studied in isolation for human beings.9

When people trust each other, they work together. When they distrust each other, they become more self-centered and feel little stake in society. A Danish study, following up on Robert Putnam, found that local diversity is particularly destructive:

The results show that ethnic diversity in the micro-context affects trust negatively, while the effect vanishes in larger contextual units. This supports the conjecture that interethnic exposure underlies the negative relationship between ethnic diversity in residential contexts and social trust.11

An Israeli study found that diversity destroys loyalty and trust throughout society:

The findings showed that the more people consider themselves to adhere to the values of globalization, consumerism, and individualism, and the more they regard themselves as “citizens of the world” exposed to globalization, the less likely they are to contribute to public goods and the more likely they are to seek to be “free riders” on the contributions of others.12

Libertarian Eric S. Raymond writes about the costs of living in low-trust societies:

One of the intangible assets I benefit from as an American . . . is that in my society, I can usually make handshake deals with strangers and expect them to be honored. I live in a context of what people who study this sort of thing call “high social trust.” (In part because I avoid the places in the U.S. where social trust levels are low.)

This is more important than anyone who has never lived outside a high-trust society really understands. In low-trust societies, you can’t count on anyone outside your family or tribe not to betray an agreement for short-term advantage. Large-scale cooperation is difficult. Rates of crime and violence are high, the law is unreliable, and at the extreme, blood feuds are a common way of pursuing disputes.14

Social trust is a resource, and high-trust societies are more pleasant and productive than low-trust societies. Healthy societies recognize and reward good people and good acts; failing societies are “every man for himself.” In the Third World, institutions tend to fail and there is crime, corruption, and low productivity.

Celebrate Diversity

If trust is a resource, high-trust societies have a lot to lose from diversity. We should see trust as a “commons,” a shared resource that increases the value of our civilization. Unfortunately, this resource is subject to Garrett Hardin’s “tragedy of the commons:” If something is freely available to all — but in limited quantities — people will exploit it until it is used up or badly degraded. Ocean fisheries and virgin forests seemed inexhaustible, but could not survive unregulated exploitation. Even the atmosphere will be destroyed unless people are constrained.

Civilization is the commons. If each person acts for his own advantage without regard to what that civilization needs, he will tear it apart. Society needs unity. Though slogans about diversity emphasize solidarity and cooperation, a diverse society is an atomized society. There are few reliable shared institutions, and each group looks after its own interests at the expense of other groups.

Mainstream conservatives think they can impose a common culture on diverse peoples. They think they can teach “Americanism.” So far, it’s not working. A non-racial “Western Civilization” can’t be imposed on other peoples. How many nations have adopted the Western style of government and law? Could you live under their legal systems or trust their institutions. One need look only at South Africa, Mexico, or Pakistan to see that non-white populations seldom share our cultural assumptions about how institutions should function. A constitution, even the Constitution, can’t replace folkways and traditions.

Modern American populism reflects an implicit awareness that diversity is failing. A plurality of Republican voters say immigration is the most important political issue. While there is no explicit white consciousness, there’s an implicit acknowledgement that society needs an ethnic core. Research shows many Republicans don’t like hearing foreign languages in public.

To counter the rising tide of diversity, nationalists have championed ethnic self-determination or the ability for every group to choose its own future.

Diversity Globe

Nationalism means that the nation’s ethnic core gets precedence. Germany for Germans, Japan for Japanese, and Israel for Jews. Multi-racial, multi-ethnic, liberal democracies are just as outmoded as the diverse empires of the 19th century.

South America suggests that when Europeans mix with different populations the result is lower capabilities. It’s more than just losing blonde hair and blue eyes. Admixture creates a new group, and breaks up the framework of evolution that gave each original group its unique traits.

Diverse societies merge into a raceless mass, losing the specific traits of each group. Groups also compete for power, and in the worst cases this can lead to genocide.

There is an alternative, what I call benevolent xenophobia. Instead of pursuing “equality,” we should recognize that different groups are happier apart. There is no reason why government cannot encourage voluntary separation instead of promoting involuntary integration. We could offer reparations-with-repatriation; new-comers could accept lump sum payments to go home. They would enrich their homelands and we would be able to heal history’s wounds and part in friendship.

Benevolent xenophobia is necessary because there will always be group competition. In a diverse society, there will always be winners and losers. To avoid conflict, we should escape from diversity entirely.


  1. F Fukuyama, The End of History And The Last Man, Macmillan: New York (1992), pg 45.
  2. L Jussim, “Stereotype Accuracy is One of the Largest and Most Replicable Effects in All of Social Psychology,” Society for Personality and Social Psychology, February 16, 2016. Retrieved from http://www.spsp.org/news-center/blog/stereotype-accuracy-response on January 5, 2020.
  3. D Weakliem, C Borch, “Alienation in the United States: Uniform or Group-Specific Change?” Sociological Forum, Volume 21, Issue 3, September 2006, pp 415-438. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11206-006-9024-4 on January 5, 2020.
  4. D Desilver, “For most U.S. workers, real wages have barely budged in decades,” Pew Research, August 7, 2018. Retrieved from https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2018/08/07/for-most-us-workers-real-wages-have-barely-budged-for-decades/ on January 20, 2020.
  5. C Jenks, “Is Violent Crime Increasing?,” The American Prospect, December 5, 2000. Retrieved from https://prospect.org/justice/violent-crime-increasing/ on January 22, 2020.
  6. S Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order, Simon & Schuster: New York (1996), pp 67-68.
  7. R Putnam, “E Pluribus Unum: Diversity and Community in the Twenty-first Century,” retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-9477.2007.00176.x/abstract;jsessionid=9C925FF60718956C1B3E89681ACCFC36.f01t04 on January 21, 2020.
  8. B Stevens, “Beyond Racism: Race is Important, Racism is Not,” January 11, 2005. Retrieved from http://www.amerika.org/texts/beyond-racism-race-is-important-racism-is-not/ on January 21, 2020.
  9. J Haidt, The Happiness Hypothesis: finding modern truth in ancient wisdom, Basic Books: New York (2006), pg 233.
  10. Z Neal, J Neal, “The (In)compatibility of Diversity and Sense of Community,” Am J Community Psychol (2014) 53:1–12, retrieved from http://web.archive.org/web/20150209094702if_/https://www.msu.edu/~zpneal/publications/neal-diversitysoc.pdf on January 21, 2020.
  11. PT Dinesen, KM Sondersov, “Ethnic Diversity and Social Trust: Evidence from the Micro-Context,” American Sociological Review, 80(3), 550-573 (2015), retrieved from http://politicalscience.ku.dk/staff/Academic_staff/?pure=files%2F130251172%2FDinesen_S_nderskov_Ethnic_Diversity_and_Social_Trust_Forthcoming_ASR.pdf on January 22, 2020.
  12. University of Haifa. “More ‘global’ individuals contribute less.” ScienceDaily, 8 October 2015. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/10/151008095104.htm on January 21, 2020.
  13. E Kaufmann, MJ Goodwin, “The diversity Wave:A meta-analysis of the native-born white response to ethnic diversity,” Social Science Research, Volume 76, November 2018, pp 120-131. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0049089X17305902 on January 20, 2020.
  14. E S Raymond, “A libertarian rethinks immigration,” June 25, 2019. Retrieved from http://esr.ibiblio.org/?p=8342 on January 22, 2020.
  15. G Hardin, “The Tragedy of the Commons,” Science, December 13, 1968. Retrieved from http://www.garretthardinsociety.org/articles/art_tragedy_of_the_commons.html on January 22, 2020.
  16. Encyclopedia Britannica, “Self-determination.” Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/topic/self-determination on January 20, 2020.