Alex Haley’s Fraudulent Roots

Jack Kerwick, Belief Net, March 12, 2012

This is the 35th anniversary of the ground breaking television miniseries, Roots. Based on Alex Haley’s wildly successful novel, Roots: The Saga of an American Family, the epic miniseries starred an ensemble cast—several members of which recently visited with Oprah Winfrey on her new network (OWN) to commemorate this occasion.

This is worth commenting upon only because, for as provocative and entertaining as both book and movie undoubtedly are—I read the book twice and watched the miniseries numerous times—Roots, the author’s assertions to the contrary notwithstanding, is a work of fiction through and through. To listen to Oprah and the actors with whom she was accompanied, one could be forgiven for regarding this as news.

In fact, to describe Roots merely as “fiction” is to treat Haley with more charity than he deserves. In at least three critical respects, Haley was downright dishonest.

Haley and the History of Slavery

Black commentator Stanley Crouch doesn’t mince words when it comes to Alex Haley. Haley, Crouch insists, was a “ruthless hustler” and “one of the biggest damn liars this country has ever seen.” Crouch likens Haley to Tawana Brawley, the young black woman who infamously lied about being raped and humiliated by a white police officer. Like the lie concocted by Brawley and abetted by the likes of Al Sharpton, Haley’s story is also a “hoax” that beautifully illustrates “how history and tragic fact can be pillaged by an individual willing to exploit whatever the naïve might consider sacred.”

Crouch explains: “Haley came on the scene when Negroes were becoming obsessed with their African ancestry and were having overwrought reactions to a tale of slavery that always, conveniently, left out the crucial role of the cooperative and profiting Africans.”

Black thinker Thomas Sowell, who has written prolifically on race and slavery, makes the same point as Crouch—even if not quite as bluntly. Regarding the Trans-Atlantic slave trade, Sowell remarks that Roots “presented some crucially false pictures of what had actually happened—false pictures that continue to dominate thinking today.”

For instance, “Roots has a white man leading a slave raid in West Africa, where the hero, Kunta Kinte [supposedly, Haley’s ancestor] was captured, looking bewildered at the chains put on him as he was led away in bondage.” Moreover, even “the village elders” likewise appeared perplexed by the sight of these “white men” who were “carrying their people away.” In glaring contrast to this depiction, Sowell correctly asserts, the location from which Kunta Kinte was taken—West Africa—had been “a center of slave trading before the first white man arrived there—and slavery continues in parts of it to this very moment.” He adds: “Africans sold vast numbers of other Africans to Europeans. But they hardly let Europeans go running around in their territory, catching people willy-nilly” (emphasis added).

According to Sowell, Roots did more harm than good in fueling “the gross misconception that slavery was about white people enslaving black people.” In reality, “the tragedy of slavery was of a far greater magnitude than that.” Slavery knew no racial boundaries. “People of every race and color were both slaves and enslavers, for thousands of years, all around the world.” Sowell likens slavery to cancer in that it transcends time and place. He concludes: “If reparations were to be paid for slavery, everybody on this planet would owe everybody else.”

Hayley was, to put it mildly, a “historical revisionist” when it came to the issue of slavery. {snip}

{snip}

Haley and Plagiarism

As Philip Nobile writes, Haley was a “literary rogue,” an “impostor” whose “prose was so inept that he required ghosts [ghost writers] throughout his career.” Upon reading Haley’s posthumously released private papers and interviewing one of his original editors for Roots, Nobile was able to determine that the latter’s real author was Murray Fisher, Haley’s editor from his time at Playboy. Fisher was also, incidentally, white.

This piece of deception, however, is part and parcel of a much larger web of the same.

At least Fisher consented to write Roots. Harry Courlander did not.

In the late 1960’s, Harry Courlander—a white man—composed The African, a fictional work about a young African boy who is captured, made to endure the horrors of the mid-Atlantic passage, and eventually sold into slavery in America. In 1978 he sued Haley for plagiarism. Upon expressing regret that at least 81 passages were lifted virtually verbatim from Courlander’s novel and recast in Roots, and upon the Judge’s unambiguous finding that Haley was guilty of plagiarism, Haley agreed to an out of court settlement whereby he would pay Courlander $650,000 (roughly 2 million dollars in today’s terms).

In his pre-trial memorandum, Courlander argued that had Haley not copied from his novel, “Roots would have been a very different and less successful novel, and indeed it is doubtful that Mr. Haley could written Roots without The African [.]” Roots, Courlander continues, “copied [from The African] language, thoughts, attitudes, incidents, situations, plot and character.”

{snip}

Haley and his Roots

His plagiarism aside, as professional genealogists Gary B. and Elizabeth Shown Mills have demonstrated beyond a doubt, Haley’s claims to the contrary aside, there is no formal documentation to corroborate “the oral tradition” regarding his family history. Moreover, the very documentation to which he refers—“plantation records, wills, census records”—repudiates this tradition. The Mills are to the point: “In truth, those same plantation records, wills, and censuses cited by Mr. Haley not only fail to document his story, but they contradict each and every pre-Civil War statement of Afro-American lineage in Roots” (emphases original)!

{snip}

It isn’t just radical inconsistencies in Haley’s antebellum ancestry with which he has to reckon. There are all sorts of questions that his claims on the part of his post-Civil War ancestry raise as well.  As the Mills say, “not only the authenticity of Roots evidence is called into question by the total absence of documentation for any alleged event, individual, or relationship, but doubt also falls upon the very essence of family life portrayed in Roots” (emphasis added).

{snip}

Conclusion

Alex Haley’s Roots is undeniably as epic a television drama as it is a book. Yet this does nothing to change the fact that neither version conveys fact. Nor does it alter the sad truth that Haley was a fraud.

Topics: ,

Share This

We welcome comments that add information or perspective, and we encourage polite debate. If you log in with a social media account, your comment should appear immediately. If you prefer to remain anonymous, you may comment as a guest, using a name and an e-mail address of convenience. Your comment will be moderated.
  • http://www.dailykenn.com/ Daily Kenn

    The first person in America to own a slave was a black farmer, Anthony Johnson (see Wikipedia).

    I wonder if there will ever be a ‘Roots’ genre movie that will feature Johnson, or the 3,775 black families who owned slaves in the South in 1830? Will there be a movie honoring William Ellison, the black plantation owner who owned more slaves than any other in 1860 South Carolina?

    I’m guessing that will never happen.

    Meanwhile, the Roots myth remains embedded in the minds of Americans as gospel truth.

    • The_Bobster

      http://www.revisionisthistory.org/essay17.html

      Spielberg’s Amistad hoax is defeated by a solitary historical fact: Joseph Cinque was himself a slave trader, selling his fellow blacks into this horror after he himself was set free by a US court.

      Amistad producer Debbie Allen calls this destabilizing fact a “rumor.” She’d better. If the thinking public, black and white, discover that “noble” Cinque later sold his own people in the very manner he condemned, then there will be a second mutiny, this time against Spielberg and his shameless hoaxing.

    • http://www.facebook.com/people/John-McNeal/100000151577164 John McNeal

      The myths just keep on coming! Now that people can no longer deny that blacks owned slaves,they have a new lie:The blacks ONLY bought slaves to free their beloved relatives!Buying slaves to…make MONEY?? Eeeewwww!  That could never happen. ONLY white CHRISTIANS (The Jewish role in slavery was,inexplicably,not highlighted by Brandon Tartikoff or Steve Speilberg in their respective works.  )

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Bardon-Kaldian/100003542251801 Bardon Kaldian

    Where’s the news ? Maybe I’m too soft on Haley, but I never considered “The Roots” to be anything but a fiction. Also, he was a plagiarist, but in literary-journalist circles- who isn’t ?

    I remember and old movie, shot in 1940s or 1950s, starring Clark Gable as a White predator in West Africa grabbing Blacks during slave trade (at the end of the movie, he marries a mixed race beauty who looks White).

    Haley is, according to this article, a cunning Black racist (I doubt it- he was an opportunist who wanted to cash in as much as possible) & plagiarist. OK- he was a plagiarist, it’s well known, but numerous other authors did exactly the same thing.

    Make a film “Roots- naked truth” with Black & Arab slave traders & set the record straight.

    • Insoc

       Also, he was a plagiarist, but in literary-journalist circles- who isn’t ?OK- he was a plagiarist, it’s well known, but numerous other authors did exactly the same thing.

      By writing “numerous authors did the same thing” and  “he was a plagiarist — who isn’t” you are justifying Haley’s fraud.

    • http://www.facebook.com/people/John-McNeal/100000151577164 John McNeal

      But be sure and eliminate any references to Jews,OK?

  • bluffcreek1967

    Not only was the book a fraud, but the mini-series spurred even more hatred by Blacks toward Whites. I remember that so many of the Blacks at my school during the time having even greater chips on their shoulders as a result of it. It was, essentially, open season on Whitey . . . kinda like it still is!  

    • http://www.facebook.com/people/Bardon-Kaldian/100003542251801 Bardon Kaldian

      Still- Kunta Kinte entered the lexicon as Negro atavism & godforsaken imbecile backwardness in flesh. 

  • The_Bobster

    Would you believe that even after this fraud was discovered, the book is still being used in our public schools and presented as non-fiction? Haley’s plagiarism is never mentioned

    • MartelC

      Yes, I would believe it. The truth has never mattered to the left. “Truth’ is ‘relative’ a ‘construct’ etc, etc, 

    • robinbishop34

      Schindler’s List is also presented as non-fiction.

  • PlayingRootsBackwards1

    I remember well the aftermath of “Roots”. Fraud begets fraud.

    Every city suddenly had genealogists who specialized in tracing the roots of our dark little brothers. Most of those outfits were ran by first-class Black flim-flam artists.

    As you could guess, none of the victims who were taken in by those crooks had a bloodline that led back to cannibals who ran around naked and lived in homes that appeared to have been built by beavers. No, indeed. Every one of them was a direct descendant of a glorious African king. Many carried the blood of the Egyptian pharaohs who had electricity and indoor plumbing back when all of us White folks were still  living in caves and dressing like the Flintstones.

    Man, it was a great time to be  Black. Then evil White scientists invented DNA technology (which is junk science unless it is being used to get Blacks out of prison) and put all of those great storytellers out of business.

    • NotYourTypicalBlack

      DNA technology made them look like dolts. Unfortunately, they’re anything but out of business.

    • schmenz

      Very, very good my friend.  A great post.

      Along the same lines we are now finding articles in National Geographic spouting the same nonsense about how the Egyptian kings and queens were black.   When even publications like that start writing this sort of rubbish we know we are in serious trouble intellectually, as well as socially. 

  • http://www.facebook.com/crystalevans54 Crystal Evans

    Roots is simply a good story that played well for television. History tells us that Black Africans fully participated in the slave trade. African Kings even sold their own people into slavery.

    • Insoc

      I know of no place except a few white forums such as this that air the true history of African slavery.

      I have seen no TV show, no media airing, no mainstream articles that publish the fact that blacks and Arabs are the ones that sold blacks to slave traders.  The ingrained narrative is the false one offered up by Haley the Fraud in “Weeds” (thanks for that Rob), the one that says brutal Whites and only Whites ran the entire slave trade and rounded up innocent African blacks in the interior of Africa for a short life of servitude to Whites.

      No other “history” is allowed and the truth is stifled — including the fact that it is the West and only the West that ended the slave trade and that Arab and black slave traders fought to continue slavery it because it was lucrative.

      The false narrative is intended to make Whites destitute by forcing them to turn over their land and wealth to blacks in the name of reparations.

      As Guest states, it is a VERY SERIOUS PROBLEM, not simply a “good story.”

  • Oil Can Harry

    I remember reading Philip Nobile’s explosive Haley expose in the Village Voice when it hit the newsstand in 1993. Sadly, the article no longer appears to be available online.

    IIRC Nobile claimed that Haley’s white editor Murray Fisher had not only ghostwritten Roots but maybe also The Autobiography Of Malcolm X. 

    • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_BHHLO2L4M3G5ZH3KJTDR6DPESA tanstaafl14

       The Village Voice article may not be available, but it’s referenced here, here, here and here. Other articles are available by pointing your favorite search engine to “Nobile Roots Haley”.

    • http://www.facebook.com/people/John-McNeal/100000151577164 John McNeal

      Murray Fisher,a fine Irishman…

  • http://countenance.wordpress.com/ Question Diversity

    VCRs were rare as household commodities in 1977, and I don’t imagine many schools had them.  This further enhances your insinuation that the very quick videotape distribution to the few schools that had VCRs was political, to spread the Hate Whitey agitprop as far and widely as possible and as soon as possible.

    • IstvanIN

      I went to grammar school in the 1960s (graduated 6th grade in 1970).  Our school library had a video tape recorder (reel to reel) that was used to ocassionally tape shows off of NET and show them in the library to the classs.  I grew up in a large, rural township that had 10 small grammar schools and the librarian went from school to school on different days.  If we had a B&W TV and video tape recorder back then I am sure by the 70s a lot of schools had some sort of recorder/playback devise.

      • crazy_j

         I went to grade school in a fairly wealthy Southeastern Michigan town, and our school had two reel-to-reel projectors to share between all classes K-6, and a filmstrip machine for every grades classes.

  • MartelC

    It doesn’t matter whether it was true or not.. almost everything  liberalism is based on is a lie -Freud, Boaz, Mead, lies lies lies… does it matter? They have ‘won’ you could tell these facts to a brainwashed college student and it would not make a lick of difference.  

  • razorrare

    Daily Kenn;

    Not only did blacks own other blacks in early America,they also owned Whites. From the book,They Were White and They Were Slaves-the Untold History of the Enslavement of Whites in Early America..

    White slaves were actually owned by negroes and indians in the South to such an extent that the Virginia Assembly passed the following law in 1670:”It is enacted that noe negro or indian though baptized and enjoyned their owne ffreedome shall be capable of any such purchase pf christians…(Statutes of the Virginia Assembly,Vol. 2, pp.280-281).

    While Whites languished in chains Blacks were free men in Virginia throughout the 17th century(Willie Lee Rose, A Documentary History of Slavery in North America,  p. 15;John Henderson Russell,Free Negro in Virginia, 1619-1865, p.23; Bruce Levine, et al., Who Built America?, vol. 1,  p. 52).

    In 1717,it was proposed that a qualification for election to the South Carolina Assembly was to be “the ownership of one white man.” (Journals of the Commons House of Assembly of the Province of South Carolina: 1692-1775, volume 5, pp. 294-295).

    Negroes voted in the Carolina counties of Berkely and Craven in 1706 “and their votes were taken.” (Levine, p. 63)……They Were White and They Were Slaves..Michael A. Hoffman II.

    It is very likely that William Ellison,the black plantation owner that you mentioned,also owned White slaves. Thanks for your input on this subject.

    • razorrare

      Thomas Sowell–Africans sold vast numbers of other Africans to Europeans. But they hardly let Europeans go running around in their territory, catching people willy-nilly” (emphasis added).

      Thats exactly why White slaves had higher death rates than blacks.Although the goal of maximum profits motivated both trades,it cost more to obtain Blacks from Africa than it did to capture Whites in Europe whom two thirds of the original American colonists came here,not of their own free will,but kidnapped,shanghaied,impressed,duped, and beguiled….because White slaves were easier to accumulate they were more expendable and treated much more harshly than black slaves whom they had to pay a higher price to purchase.

      “The African slave trade was not fully established in the early 17th century…the price of African slaves was prohibitively high and the English were neither familiar with nor committed to black slavery as a basic institution” (Beckles, White Servitude, p. 3).

      Ship captains involved in the White slave trade obtained White slaves with penal status either free of charge or were subsidized to take them,and for all categories of White slaves,they paid at most a small sum to an agent to procure them,forfeiting only the cost of their keep on board ship id they died.

      Moreover,traders in Black slaves operated ships designed solely for the purpose of carrying human cargo with the intent of creating conditions whereby as many black slaves as possible would reach America alive.White slave ships were cargo ships with no special provisions for passengers.

      In addition,transportation rules decreed that,in cases where White slaves were sold in advance to individual planters in America,if the White slave survived the voyage beyond the halfway point in the journey,the planter in America–not the captain of the slave ship–would be responsible for the costs of the White slaves’provisions whether or not the slave survived the trip.Captains of the slave ships became infamous for providing sufficent food for only the first half of the trip and then virtually starving their White captives until they arrived in America.

      “Jammed into filthy holds,manacled,starved and abused,they suffered and died during the crossings in gross numbers.Thousands were children under 12,snatched off the streets…”(Kendall, p.1).

      “…the transportation became a profitable enterprise.Traders delivered thousands of bound laborers to Pennsylvania and exhibited a callous disregard for their …cargoes”(Salinger, p.88).As a result,White slaves on board these ships suffered a high rate of disease. “…transportation(of White slaves) remained a branch of commerce wedded to carrying human cargoes at minimal expense…sizable numbers never reached American shores…from disease,mistreatment…(Ekirch, p. 108).

      The number of diseased White slaves arriving was high enough for Pennsylvania officials to recommend a quarantine law for them.Thus a new torment was to be endured for White slaves who “were often stopped short of the New World,with land in sight,and forced to remain quarantined on board ships in which they had just spent a horrifying ten to twelve weeks”(Salinger, p.89).

      Ships filled with diseased White slaves landed anyway.In 1750 aan island was established for their quarantine,Fisher Island,at the mouth of Schuylkill River.But the establishment of the quarantine area did nothing to protect the health of the White slaves and the island was more typical of Devil’s Island than a place of recuperation.In 1764 a clergyman,Pastor Helmuth,visited Fisher Island and described it as “a land of the living dead,a vault full of living corpses.”

      “Before 1650 however,the greater victims of man’s inhumanity were the mass of White Christian servants who suffered at the hands of callous,white Christian masters.For the time being,with all of their troubles,the blacks had it better.”(Bridenbaugh, p.120).

      “Negroes…are, therefore,almost in every instance,under more comfortable circumstances than the miserable European,over whom the rigid planter exercises an inflexible rigidity.They are strained to the utmost to perform their allotted labor…they frequently try to escape,but very few are successful…and…when apprehended,are committed to close confinement,advertised,and delivered to their respective masters…The unhappy culprit is doomed to a severe chastisement;and a prolongation of servitude is decreed…Those who survive…seldom establish their residence…” (William Eddis,Letters From America,[published in 1792]Letter VI).

      In the British West Indies the torture visited upon White slaves by their masters was routine.Masters hung White slaves by their hands and set their hands afire as a means of punishment.To end this barbarity,Colonel William Brayne wrote to English authorities in 1656 urging the importation of negro slaves on the grounds that, “as the planters would have to pay much for them,they would have an interest in preserving their lives,which was wanting in the case of (Whites)…” many of whom,he charged,were killed by overwork and cruel treatment.

      All excerpts taken from Michael A.Hoffmans book,They Were White and They Were Slaves–The Untold History of the Enslavement of Whites in Early America.

  • Bon, From the Land of Babble

    From the article:
    In 1978 he sued Haley for plagiarism. 

    Haley plagiarized a work of fiction, passed it off as non-fiction and won a special Pulitzer Prize for “telling the true story of a black family from its origins in Africa through seven generations to the present day in America.”  Roots claimed to be  “painstakingly researched, and true”

    The wonderful and intrepid muckraker and Indiana Hoosier, Jack Cashill writes:

    Under oath, Haley went so far as to testify that he had not even read The African. Throughout the six weeks of testimony, U.S District Court Judge Robert Ward listened in disbelief to denial after denial.

    Haley’s defense fell apart when, during discovery, the plaintiff’s lawyers found three quotes from The African among his typed notes, notes that he had apparently failed to destroy.

    Midway through the trial, Judge Ward counseled Haley and his attorneys that he would have to contemplate a perjury charge unless they settled with Courlander… In return, Courlander agreed to keep quiet about the suit, which he did until he died in 1996.

    In the press, only the Washington Post gave the case any ink of note, and even then it used a local hook-‘Bethesda Author Settles `Roots’ Suit for $500,000.’

    Interestingly:

    In the British Isles, the Nobile expose was a big story. It got serious coverage in all the major newspapers, and the BBC later made a documentary, The Roots of Alex Haley, confirming Nobile’s charges.

    Nobile put a book proposal together on the subject but, as Nobile ruefully admits, Nobody wanted to touch it.

    Later:

    Haley suffered some posthumous setbacks. The Norton Anthology of African American Literature  quietly dropped him. The Society of Journalists and Authors eliminated their Alex Haley Excellence Award.  

    Reader’s Digest, with which Haley had long been associated, cancelled a tribute to Haley…. ABC passed on presenting a twenty-fifth anniversary special in January 2002.

    Jack Cashill. Hoodwinked: How Intellectual Hucksters Have Hijacked American Culture

    Spread the word far and wide and tell everyone you know:  Alex Haley is a FRAUD and that Roots is a work of fiction, and a plagiarized one at that.

    Bon

  • razorrare

    great..just wasted an hours time adding input only to see it swallowed up..if you received the post moderator have the decency to post it. Thankyou.

  • blindsticks

    How come with all this negrophillia and positive  black makeover they’ve not yet  made a film about MLK? Could it be because there is now so much muck on  MLK  that even THEY (the guilty white  liberals and blacks) would have a problem sanitizing him. 

  • razorrare

    Thomas Sowell–Africans sold vast numbers of other Africans to Europeans. But they hardly let Europeans go running around in their territory, catching people willy-nilly” (emphasis added).

    Thats exactly why White slaves had higher death rates than blacks.Although the goal of maximum profits motivated both trades,it cost more to obtain Blacks from Africa than it did to capture Whites in Europe whom two thirds of the original American colonists came here,not of their own free will,but kidnapped,shanghaied,impressed,duped, and beguiled….because White slaves were easier to accumulate they were more expendable and treated much more harshly than black slaves whom they had to pay a higher price to purchase.

    “The African slave trade was not fully established in the early 17th century…the price of African slaves was prohibitively high and the English were neither familiar with nor committed to black slavery as a basic institution” (Beckles, White Servitude, p. 3).

    Ship captains involved in the White slave trade obtained White slaves with penal status either free of charge or were subsidized to take them,and for all categories of White slaves,they paid at most a small sum to an agent to procure them,forfeiting only the cost of their keep on board ship id they died.

    Moreover,traders in Black slaves operated ships designed solely for the purpose of carrying human cargo with the intent of creating conditions whereby as many black slaves as possible would reach America alive.White slave ships were cargo ships with no special provisions for passengers.

    In addition,transportation rules decreed that,in cases where White slaves were sold in advance to individual planters in America,if the White slave survived the voyage beyond the halfway point in the journey,the planter in America–not the captain of the slave ship–would be responsible for the costs of the White slaves’provisions whether or not the slave survived the trip.Captains of the slave ships became infamous for providing sufficent food for only the first half of the trip and then virtually starving their White captives until they arrived in America.

    “Jammed into filthy holds,manacled,starved and abused,they suffered and died during the crossings in gross numbers.Thousands were children under 12,snatched off the streets…”(Kendall, p.1).

    “…the transportation became a profitable enterprise.Traders delivered thousands of bound laborers to Pennsylvania and exhibited a callous disregard for their …cargoes”(Salinger, p.88).As a result,White slaves on board these ships suffered a high rate of disease. “…transportation(of White slaves) remained a branch of commerce wedded to carrying human cargoes at minimal expense…sizable numbers never reached American shores…from disease,mistreatment…(Ekirch, p. 108).

    The number of diseased White slaves arriving was high enough for Pennsylvania officials to recommend a quarantine law for them.Thus a new torment was to be endured for White slaves who “were often stopped short of the New World,with land in sight,and forced to remain quarantined on board ships in which they had just spent a horrifying ten to twelve weeks”(Salinger, p.89).

    Ships filled with diseased White slaves landed anyway.In 1750 aan island was established for their quarantine,Fisher Island,at the mouth of Schuylkill River.But the establishment of the quarantine area did nothing to protect the health of the White slaves and the island was more typical of Devil’s Island than a place of recuperation.In 1764 a clergyman,Pastor Helmuth,visited Fisher Island and described it as “a land of the living dead,a vault full of living corpses.”

    “Before 1650 however,the greater victims of man’s inhumanity were the mass of White Christian servants who suffered at the hands of callous,white Christian masters.For the time being,with all of their troubles,the blacks had it better.”(Bridenbaugh, p.120).

    “Negroes…are, therefore,almost in every instance,under more comfortable circumstances than the miserable European,over whom the rigid planter exercises an inflexible rigidity.They are strained to the utmost to perform their allotted labor…they frequently try to escape,but very few are successful…and…when apprehended,are committed to close confinement,advertised,and delivered to their respective masters…The unhappy culprit is doomed to a severe chastisement;and a prolongation of servitude is decreed…Those who survive…seldom establish their residence…” (William Eddis,Letters From America,[published in 1792]Letter VI).

    In the British West Indies the torture visited upon White slaves by their masters was routine.Masters hung White slaves by their hands and set their hands afire as a means of punishment.To end this barbarity,Colonel William Brayne wrote to English authorities in 1656 urging the importation of negro slaves on the grounds that, “as the planters would have to pay much for them,they would have an interest in preserving their lives,which was wanting in the case of (Whites)…” many of whom,he charged,were killed by overwork and cruel treatment.

    All excerpts taken from Michael A.Hoffmans book,They Were White and They Were Slaves–The Untold History of the Enslavement of Whites in Early America.

    • http://profile.yahoo.com/HV55BHYHMLRCFV3SP3TAHTNGKE chris

      If you haven’t already, be sure to read “To Hell or Barbados:  The Ethnic Cleansing of Ireland”  by Sean O’Callaghan.

  • MikeofAges

    Slavery, if you mean by that the kidnapping of human beings into involuntary servitiude, continues in our world today. The tiger does not change his stripes.

    Deep rumors exist about the fate of some of the American or European girls (or boys) who go missing. Do some end up in Middle East in the surviving harems of aristocrats and wealthy men? Could be. Would our Western governments tell us if they knew?

    Not the make light of black African chattel slavery, but the story told in this article parallels the story told in Jim Goad’s “Redneck Manifesto”. Even if Goad’s numbers were wildly inaccurate at times, these are things that our history books and curriculums would rather not have us know.

    You would be likely to come out of your history classes in a your public or private school thinking that indentured servants were treat like au pairs and members of the extended family. Maybe some were, but most weren’t. The girls had their best reproductive and marriageable years taken from them, if they weren’t used outright as sex slaves, and the young men often were worked mercilessly. Both sexes left indentured servitude with no opportunites and their health destroyed. The indenture term was set at seven years, because many of them did not live much longer than that anyway, and were not good for anything if they did. The lucky ones were the one who successfully ran away. And they could hunted and returned, and were. Just like a runaway black. Well, at least they were never put into a hereditary caste system. Not because their masters in most cases gave a hoot or hoped they would go on to a better life. It just wasn’t practical.

    • The_Bobster

      Thousands of Ukrainian girls are regularly kidnapped every year and sold into White slavery. If I mention what group is doing it, this post will be deleted.

      • razorrare

        It was mentioned i believe  in the book,”By Way of Deception” by Victor Ostrovsky and Claire Hoy…Victor Ostrovsky being an x-mossad agent…it was also mentioned by Hillary Clinton while her husband Bill was serving as President. It is true.White Ukranian and  Russian children are often kidnapped from orphanages and are sent to Israel’s brothels to serve as sex slaves to israels govt connected elite & their “friends” from other countries-ambassadors and such.The young girls are kept in line by making examples out of others who resist.This often-times means that a young girl who is not co-operating will be beheaded in front of all the other little girls.Truth is,Jewish child pornography & the kidnapping of young White girls from the Ukraine & Russia is a Jewish racket.

      • MikeofAges

         Drop a hint. I can handle the truth.

  • JohnEngelman

    Because of diseases Europeans lacked resistance to the interior of Africa could not be entered by Europeans until the development of modern medicines during the last half of the nineteenth century. This restricted white slave traders to coastal towns, where they bought Negro slaves enslaved by other Negroes. 
     
    Arab slave traders could enter Africa because many of them were part Negro. The Arab slave trade began centuries before the European slave trade and lasted for decades later until it was smashed by European military action. Arab slave traders usually castrated males slaves. Before anesthesia and anesthetics many slaves died from this cruel practice. American Negroes who convert to Islam are usually ignorant of these facts. 

    • razorrare

      The stereotype from Establishment concensus history is of the Muslim slaver herding chained blacks through the desert.In fact,for seven hundred years,until the fall of Muslim Spain,those being herded were FIRST and FOREMOST overwhelmingly White.

      “Before the tenth century the Muslims generally bought Christian Europeans as slaves.(Slave is a term itself derived from the word Slav,those people of Eastern European descent) By the tenth century,Slavs became the most numerous imported group…during the late Middle Ages,until the fall of Granada in the late fifthteenth century,most slaves of the …Muslims were Christians from the northern kingdoms…”(William Phillips, p. 69).

      Escape from North Africa and the Middle East was almost impossible and those White slaves who were caught trying to flee were punished by having their noses and ears cut off,or worse.

      Early Muslim texts provide insights into the extent to which the Arabs identified Europeans with slavery,classified White slaves as animals and even produced learned racist disquisitions on the supposed merits of emasculated East European slaves.In his ninth century treatise on beasts,The Book of Animals,the Muslim scholar Jahiz writes:

      “Another change which overcomes the eunuch:of two slaves of SLAVIC race,who are…twins,one castrated and the other not,the eunuch becomes more disposed toward service,wiser,more able,and apt for various problems of manual labor…All these qualities you find only in the castrated one.On the other hand,his brother continues to have the same native torpor,the same lack of natural talent,the same imbecility common to slaves,and incapacity for learning a foreign language.”(Charles Verlinden,THe Slave in Medieval Europe, vol. 1,p.213).

      All excerpts taken from the book,They Were White and They Were Slaves by Michael A.HoffmanII.

  • The_Bobster

    Why would a plagiarist need anyone else to write a book for him?

  • R P

    It’s not discussed, because that would be calling Oprah what she is ….

  • jeffaral

    Rule number 2:  Don’t waste your time watching the lobotomy box!

  • jeffaral

    It’s well documented the leading role of Jews in the transatlantic slave trade!

  • MrGJG

     Brian, your one simple sentence could be the basis for a book more epic than Roots itself.
    Maybe even a miniseries.

  • saxonsun

    And I’d say you have a darn good point.

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/John-McNeal/100000151577164 John McNeal

     So he copied whole pages directly out of the white guys book?He must have had an angel called Martin Luther King looking over his shoulder….

  • MrGJG

      Allen West?  I’d like to believe he’s genuine, but I’ve rarely not been disappointed when it comes to character and integrity regarding blacks.
    Wasn’t Herman Cain supposed to be the next “Magic Negro”?
     

    • http://countenance.wordpress.com/ Question Diversity

      Allen West is definitely overrated, even if I was sick and tired of white lamers pandering over a Freshman Republican member of the House.  His most recent genius pronouncement, (somehow, I ended up on his e-mail list), is that he’s supporting a rider to Federal highway money to force states to implement graduated drivers license schemes for teenage drivers.  Whether or not you think it’s a good idea is not germane to the point, the point is that states should have latitude on this sort of thing.  California and Wyoming are two different places, I could see why California would want to make it harder to get a license at 16 but Wyoming wouldn’t.

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/John-McNeal/100000151577164 John McNeal

    His shenanigans with white gays were left out.,sadly.

  • ncpride

    For instance, “Roots has a white man leading a slave raid in West Africa, where the hero, Kunta Kinte [supposedly, Haley’s ancestor] was captured, looking bewildered at the chains put on him as he was led away in bondage.” Moreover, even “the village elders” likewise appeared perplexed by the sight of these “white men” who were “carrying their people away.”

    This is EXACTLY what I was led to believe in school. I was always given the impression that White men ran through the wilds of Africa knocking them over the head and taking them by force. This is why I always carefully monitor what my own children are taught in school. I refuse to have them be told a pack of outright LIES like I was. It makes me furious when I think back and realize the White guilt that was pushed on my generation.

  • jeffaral

    I deeply apologize for mentioning the unmentionable tribe.    Mea culpa.

  • http://countenance.wordpress.com/ Question Diversity

    It’s the queue factor.  A newbie black Democrat has to pay a lot of dues before he or she can truly be someone, if s/he ever will, simply because there are a lot of black Democrats.  A newbie black Republican will be someone on short order, not only because there are hardly any, but also because the Stupid Party and race pandering lamer cons push them to the front of the line.  If I were black and could stand myself for pretending to be conservative in spite of myself (even the watered down version of “conservatism” that passes for it these days), I would definitely line up in the Republican line.

  • JohnEngelman

    Barry Goldwater’s books were ghost written. So was Sarah Palin’s book. 

  • schmenz

    Gus Casely-Hayford’s “Lost Kingdoms of Africa” ….self-delusion carried to Herculean heights.

  • Bon, From the Land of Babble

    Ask the BBC:

    If sub-Saharan Africa is the cradle of civilization, why are there no civilizations there, and no ruins? Why do the peoples of the sub-Sahara have no written language, no musical notation, primitive art, no architecture more sophisticated than grass huts, no grasp of mathematics …. ?
    Bon

  • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_NN5MMNJSZFB4537DRMPJDJ75OY Mark H

    When the book came out I belonged to a Speech Club.  One evening we were debating the merits of Roots and I stood up and said that I would bane the book because it was designed to paint whites as evil and was not a true account.
    The looks on the black members was interesting.  They didn’t say much but they knew I was a racist and hater.
    I did have some very severe problems with blacks after having lived with them in the Army in Germany from ’69-71.  The Black Panthers were on the warpath and I learned to dislike them till this day.  Now I try to not hate them but simply avoid them as much as possible.

  • robinbishop34

    We all know “by whom.”

  • http://countenance.wordpress.com/ Question Diversity

    Unfortunately, the flip side of the record was that when it was over and they all poured back out onto the streets, they were more hateful than ever towards whites.

  • Quasimodo4

    Every negroe is a pimp at heart.

  • Quasimodo4

    Losing one’s car keys is a mistake. Creating, advancing and gaining from a fraud is a deliberate act. I do not claim St. Brendon as my Irish ancestor. Alex Haley and the Negroe racists are beneath contempt.

  • Stranded in Sonoma

    Alex Haley was adopted.