Posted on November 23, 2018

Native Americans Explain Why “Thanksgiving” Holiday Is Celebration of Genocide

Charlene Muhammad, The Final Call, October 24, 2018

As people gather at dinner tables for home-cooked meals, family reunions and to count their blessings during the Thanksgiving holiday, Native Americans will commemorate the day too, but with a different perspective and account of their history and plight in the United States.

“{snip} The issue here with the Thanksgiving holiday as celebrated in the United States is that it perpetuates this myth that the wonderful Pilgrims came here from Europe and were so kind and good to the Native people who were here and lived happily ever after,” said Mahtowin Munro, co-leader of the United American Indians of New England.

{snip} It was an official day was proclaimed in colonial times to give thanks that a militia had returned safely from massacring more than 700 Pequots, she said. Many of victims were elders, women and children, Ms. Munro said.

That is part of why every year, her organization holds a National Day of Mourning in Plymouth, Mass., to honor Native ancestors and current struggles of Native people. This year marks the 42nd gathering.

{snip} Millions upon millions of Native Americans have died in European-perpetrated genocide, just as Africans did. And the root of America’s wealth really is in the theft of indigenous land, the genocide of Native people, and the enslavement of Black men and women, Ms. Munro continued.

The National Day of Mourning aims to set the record straight, not just about the past, but about today’s circumstances.

“The biggest issue facing us is poverty and unemployment. In many states where there’s a larger Native population, our unemployment figures are much, much higher than for White people. In the Northern Plains, for instance, unemployment is around 50 percent and Alaska is very bad, too,” Ms. Munro said.

Other struggles include the continuing theft of traditional lands by the U.S. government and corporations, and less access to decent health care. And in addition, she’s concerned over the lack of educational opportunities for Native children.


“What happened is not just some harmless lie that can be overlooked with a wink and a smile,” Mr. Anquoe [Mark Anquoe, of the International Indian Treaty Council and American Indian Movement] told The Final Call. He recalls being six- and seven-years-old and instructed to dress in costume as a Pilgrim or Indian at school.

{snip} “The modern practice of Thanksgiving makes mockery of our people and that affects children’s self-esteem and emotional growth. Native children have some of the highest suicide rates in the country and that’s part of it,” Mr. Anquoe added.

America’s account of Thanksgiving disregards the American Indian Movement, the “Longest Walk,” from San Francisco to Washington, D.C. to raise awareness about indigenous sacred sites in 1978, and the massacres of the 1700s, 1800s and 1900s, said hip-hop artist and activist Yonasda Lonewolf Muhammad.

“Even when you look at the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade, they don’t even showcase the Native American issue {snip},” she said.


Instead of false pageantry, children’s school projects should include in-depth research about what happened to the first contact tribes and their population counts then and now, she added.

In addition, said Hector Perez Pacheco of the Aztlan Mexica Nation Harmony Keepers, a warrior society that works to protect Native Americans’ sacred ceremonies, Native Americans continue to experience intergenerational trauma in the form of alcoholism, drug abuse and violence, and indigenous nations are continuously denied their sovereignty rights.


Many Native peoples are prevented from speaking their language or practicing their traditions, but there are ways to uplift the culture and not remain in the past or have negativity associated with their history, he told The Final Call.

One way is to start speaking truth around Thanksgiving tables, Mr. Pacheco said. A second way is to talk to the victims of boarding schools, where Native children were placed and stripped of their language and culture. Another is to revive the Native traditions and culture to provide pride and dignity as a people.