Study Finds Poverty & Welfare Common Among Immigrants

Stephen Camarota, Center for Immigration Studies, August 8, 2012

A new study from the Center for Immigration Studies uses Census Bureau data from 2010 and 2011 to provide a detailed picture of the nation’s immigrant population (legal and illegal) by country of birth, state, and legal status. A key finding is that immigration has dramatically increased the size of the nation’s low-income population. In general, immigrants make significant progress the longer they live in the country. But even with this progress, immigrants who have been in the country for 20 years are still much more likely to be poor, lack health insurance, and access the welfare system than native-born Americans. The large share of immigrants with little education partly explains this phenomenon.

“There is considerable concern about issues like poverty and the large uninsured population. But what has generally not been acknowledged is the impact of immigration on these problems,” notes Steven Camarota, the Center’s Director of Research. “Absent a change in policy, 11 to 15 million new immigrants are likely to settle in this country in the next decade and may exacerbate present problems.” The study can be found at: http://cis.org/2012-profile-of-americas-foreign-born-population. Press releases specific to the top immigrant receiving states can be found at http://cis.org/Announcements/2012-profile-of-americas-foreign-born-population-states.

Among the study’s findings:

  • Immigrants and their U.S.-born children (under 18) account for one-fourth of all persons in poverty and nearly one-third of the population lacking health insurance.
  • In 2010, 36 percent of immigrant-headed households used at least one major welfare program (primarily food assistance and Medicaid) compared to 23 percent of native households.
  • Of immigrant households with children 57 percent accessed one or more welfare programs, compared to 40 percent of native households with children.
  • The high rates of poverty, uninsurance and welfare use are not due to an unwillingness to work. The share of working-age immigrants (18 to 65) holding a job in 2011 was the same as natives — 68 percent. Immigrant men actually have higher rates of work than native-born men.
  • The primary reason for high immigrant poverty and welfare use is the large share of immigrants who arrived as adults with relatively little education.
    • Of adult immigrants (25 to 65), 28 percent have not completed high school, compared to 7 percent of natives.
    • The share of immigrants (25 to 65) with at least a bachelor’s degree is somewhat lower than that of natives — 29 vs. 33 percent.
  • Among the top states of immigrant settlement, immigrants tend to be the poorest and least educated in Arizona, North Carolina, Minnesota, Texas, Georgia, Colorado, and California. Immigrants tend to be the most educated and prosperous in Virginia, New Jersey, Maryland and Massachusetts.
  • There is a very significant variation across sending-countries and regions. Immigrants from East Asia, India and Europe tend to be the most educated and have the highest incomes, while those from Mexico and Latin American tend to be the least-educated and have the lowest incomes.
  • Many immigrants make significant progress the longer they live in the country. However, as a group, immigrants who have lived in the United States for 20 years have not come close to closing the gap with natives.
    • The poverty rate of adult immigrants who have lived in the United States for 20 years is 50 percent higher than that of adult natives.
    • The share of adult immigrants who have lived in the United States for 20 years who lack health insurance is twice that of adult natives.
    • The share of households headed by an immigrant who has lived in the United States for 20 years using one or more welfare programs is nearly twice that of native-headed households.
    • The share of households headed by an immigrant who has lived in the United States for 20 years that are owner occupied is 22 percent lower than that of native households.
  • Most immigrants are not recent arrivals. Nearly two-thirds have been in the United States for more than 10 years and their average length of residence in the U.S. is 19 years.
  • There are 10.4 million students from immigrant households in public schools, accounting for one in five public school students.
  • Overall, one in four public school students now speaks a language other than English at home.
  • Of immigrant households, 53 percent are owner-occupied, compared to 68 percent of native households.
  • In 2010, 13 percent of immigrant households were overcrowded, compared to 2 percent of native households. Immigrant households account for half of all overcrowded households.
  • Immigrants and natives have very similar rates of entrepreneurship — 11.7 percent of natives and 11.5 percent of immigrants are self-employed.

Illegal immigrants. Our best estimate is that 28 percent of the nation’s immigrants are in the country illegally. Illegal immigrants and their U.S.-born children (under 18) account for 5 percent of the nation’s overall population, 10 percent those in poverty, 15 percent of the uninsured and 7 percent of the school age population.

Data Source: The data for this paper come primarily from the public-use files of the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS) and the March 2011 Current Population Survey (CPS). In some cases, for state-specific information, we combine the March 2010 and 2011 CPS to get statistically robust results. In this report, the terms foreign-born and immigrant are used synonymously. Immigrants are persons living in the United States who were not American citizens at birth. This includes naturalized American citizens, legal permanent residents (green card holders), illegal immigrants, and people on long-term temporary visas such as foreign students or guest workers.

 

Topics: , , ,

Share This

We welcome comments that add information or perspective, and we encourage polite debate. If you log in with a social media account, your comment should appear immediately. If you prefer to remain anonymous, you may comment as a guest, using a name and an e-mail address of convenience. Your comment will be moderated.
  • NYB

    The only thing that matters to the elite financial speculators is that these immigrants consume. 

    Consumption, not production, props up the financial pyramid scheme.  A drop in immigration, and the pyramid scheme collapses.  A continuation of immigration, and the nation and environment collapses.

    The best we can hope for is a natural disaster, like global drought or famine, which will derail the scheme before it finishes Western civilization.

    • The__Bobster

      They also use them for cheap labor and to force down the wages of Americans.

      • dukem1

        Just as a sort of economic side bar to this, I do believe that the main group affected by the downward pull on wages is the previous group of immigrants…They have their own little death spiral going on within the larger collapse of Western civilization.
        What I see in this article is a larger problem, hardly unknown to AmRen-ers,  a lack of assimilation into what we fondly recall as the American Way of Life…
        And, I would say, to the detriment of these immigrants, this lack of assimilation is aided, abetted and promoted by a huge (taxpayer-funded) industry which thrives on keeping these people different – always “the other”. Why not? It pays!
        My ancestors left everything in their world behind in order to come to the new world and become Americans.  It seems now that what we have is Mexicans who just want to come to the US and …be Mexicans.

        • KenelmDigby

          You are right.
          It is a radically vicious dog-eat-dog system in which third world immigrants are continually being beaten down and exploited by being pitted in competition against themselves – the most successful mode of mass pauperization ever devised.
           Basically what is evolving in the USA is an apartheid or Brazilian type society in which third world immigrants do menial work for a pittance – and are valued as much as dogs, whilst educated Whites are sorted by ability and income into a super-class above them, a super-class that is uninterested and indifferent to the third world sub-peasants.
            …..And to think the brain dead morons of the left are the biggest supportes of this horrible system.

      • Rocky Bass,

         Largely true, but my stepdaughters have no plans of bringing any wages down in the least, them girls wanna get paid!

    • Not needed, the ponzi scheme is already unraveling. The social cost is at critical mass, the whole state of CA is just about bankrupt. Almost all of our major cities are dying under the weight of non-white welfare. 

      The only reason you would keep the flow of illegals coming during a recession/depression is to keep the scheme going. They know it’s going to collapse soon and they want to milk every dime out of it before it does.

  • 14POLK88

    Something has got to give! These leaches has to go! What is left of White America can not stand any more Immigration!

  • Anonymous

    So they are more likely to be on welfare, yet they are also hardworking.  Quite a contradiction, yes?

    • Many immigrants are hard working but they work at low wage, often paid under the table jobs. They usually have one or more US born children, which makes them eligible for government benefits such as food stamps and medicaid for those children.

      • That’s the racket.

        Businesses pay low wages and WE pay for their supplemental benefits.

        The obvious question that no one seems to ask is how do illegal aliens survive in a first world economy on low income wages?

        The answer is tax payer.

        • crystal evans

          They cut corners wherever they can. A good example is 12 illegals sharing a 2 bedroom apartment;  this is why  they are able to send remittances to their families in Mexico or wherever they come from.

      • California doesn’t require proof of citizenship or any form of eligibility to reside/work in the US to obtain benefits such as EDD (disability and unemployment) or Medi-Cal. L.A. County doesn’t require such documentation for ORSA and other benefits. 

        EDD actually created fake social numbers to disburse benefits to illegals.

  • JohnEngelman

     open immigration can’t coexist with a strong social safety net; if you’re going to assure health care and a decent income to everyone, you can’t make that offer global.                
    – Paul Krugman 
    http://krugman.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/04/26/the-curious-politics-of-immigration/ 

  • “Study Finds Poverty & Welfare Common Among Immigrants”

    In a completely unrelated study : “Immigrant Countries Found to Be Impoverished Third World Holes Populated by Non Whites”

  • Bon, From the Land of Babble

    The study, based on 2010 and 2011 census data, found that 43 percent of immigrants who have been in the U.S. at least 20 years were using welfare benefits.

    Considering everything else the government does, this makes sense to me; after all there IS a shortage of poor people in this country.  Why wouldn’t the anti-White government select parasites who are welcome to remain on welfare in exchange for their votes?

    Well, there IS one thing that immigrant parasites are good at:  fraudulent tax returns:

    From the Washington Times

    Agency supervisors told employees to ignore red flags

    The IRS has paid out as much as $5.2 billion in fraudulent tax refunds to immigrants, and ignored employees who tried to warn agency higher-ups of its mistakes, according to a new audit released Wednesday by the agency’s inspector general.

    And, if you happen to be a lucky taxpayers in Massachusetts, Duval Patrick said it’s OK to use welfare for cigarettes, lottery tickets, liquor and tattoos.

    From the Boston Herald:

    Patrick, in a letter to lawmakers, said it’s ‘not feasible’ to ban EBT purchases of frills such as liquor, cigarettes, lottery tickets and tattoos — and that “this administration will not enforce what cannot be enforced with respect to the use of EBT cards.

    http://news.bostonherald.com/news/politics/view.bg?articleid=1061149101&cnum=1

    Anyone who thinks this isn’t being done on purpose has his up his…. head in the sand.

    Bon

  • Illegal immigrants can’t get welfare. I’ve been told this many times.

    • anarchyst

      They DO get welfare . . .

      • Bon, From the Land of Babble

        Illegal aliens suck up a LOT of welfare.

        According to Wake Up  America’s “Illegal Alien Fact Sheet”:

        *More than 43% of all Food Stamps issued are to illegal aliens.

        *More than 41% of all unemployment checks issued in the U.S. are to illegal aliens.

        *Nearly 60% of all occupants of HUD properties in the U.S. are illegal aliens.

        *Less than 2% of illegal aliens in the U.S. are picking crops but 41% are on welfare.

        *Illegal aliens consume $3.7 billion annually in Medicare and Medicais benefits since 40% of illegal immigrants are on welfare. (Federation for Immigration Reform).

        And this from Numbers USA:

        A report that aired on local television station WTHR in Indianapolis highlights an income tax loophole that is allowing illegal aliens to receive massive refunds from the IRS at the expense of U.S. taxpayers. According to the report, illegal aliens are filing false returns, claiming their own children, nieces, and nephews who, in some cases, don’t even live in the United States to receive the alternate child tax credit. The cost to taxpayers is $4.2 billion per year.

        http://www.wthr.com/video?clipId=7054149&autostart=true

        http://www.thewakeupamerica.com

        Please pass this on and post it wherever you can.  You can be sure the msm will NEVER report these FACTS.

        Bon

      • Anonymous

        Plus vote, plus get reduced tuition, plus have the ballots in Spanish, etc..  They are afforded rights and benefits that they are not allowed to have.

    • IstvanIN

       They receive assistance for their children, little US citizens that they are.

    • They pop out an anchor baby who is a US citizen. Then due to their relation to a “US citizen” they get a fast track to citizenship themselves.

  • anarchyst

    Immigrants know how to “game” the system. . .they know how to work “under the table” while collecting welfare, free health-care benefits, EBT, home energy assistance, free cell phones and other “benefits” that amount to about $30,000 per year.
    Their “under the table” job that pays around $25,000 per year raises their “total houshold income” to around $55,000 per year.  Add to that the “negative income tax” payment that they get and that will bring the total to around $60,000 per year. 
    There are HONEST white working stiffs that don’t make that kind of money, yet are criticized for having negative attitudes about immigrants.
    It is sickening to see your immigrant “neighbors” driving new cars, living in a (state-subsidized) house and showing more affluence than us white working people.
    The very “church groups” and other “sponsors” coach their charges in how to maximize their “state provided  benefits”.
    The “system” has got to change.

    • crystal evans

      The only way illegals can get benefits is if they have US born children.  Why do you think that these illegals come here to download their offspring?

  • This is exactly why our leaders are guilty of treason and should be punished appropriately. 

  • Athling

    Translation: the white population who pay the vast majority of taxes must not only help and financially support the native born people of color but also immigrants of color both legal and illegal.

    Once the white folks are economically exhausted and/or become aware of their servile status the fun will begin. That is, once they can’t or won’t keep supporting those of color.

    • Anonymous

      I hope whites have the guts and power to fight back when they start rounding us up.  Let’s hope whites keep their guns and stock up on ammo, food, water, etc.  Whites better look at South Africa to see how we will be treated.  Whites better make a conscious connection between black/mexican areas and high-crime/impoverished cities and states and countries.

  • tickyul

    Flood the USA with enough 3rd worlders and the Demorats will eventually have a Royal Flush…..hand after hand….no two ways about it.

  • razorrare

    When Mexico reconquers California,Arizona,Texas,New Mexico,parts of Colorado,Nevada & Utah without having fired a shot…it is then American based  multi-national Corporations will begin to invest in  those formerly owned states of America.Those states will be booming economically within a blink of an eye…much like we witnessed the transformation of China becoming an mighty  economic power due to American based multi-national corporations sending our jobs there…

    Poor Whites will want to cross into these formerly owned States of America that will be officially run & owned by Mexico,but they will have policies in effect that will allow them to shoot you on sight…either by government run border officers or drug cartels hired by the Mexican Govt to protect the Corporate interest–that being cheap labor & no union problems…Capitalists are another persons Marxist…The Evil Controlling Elite  Own both ideologies and they use the one which is ever most useful to them to attain whatever it is they want to attain.

  • KenelmDigby

    You are right.
    It is a radically vicious dog-eat-dog system in which third world immigrants are continually being beaten down and exploited by being pitted in competition against themselves – the most successful mode of mass pauperization ever devised.
     Basically what is evolving in the USA is an apartheid or Brazilian type society in which third world immigrants do menial work for a pittance – and are valued as much as dogs, whilst educated Whites are sorted by ability and income into a super-class above them, a super-class that is uninterested and indifferent to the third world sub-peasants.
      …..And to think the brain dead morons of the left are the biggest supportes of this horrible system.

  • Rob

    It appears that this federal juggernaut of electing a new people as Brimelow calls it is unstoppable. I sincerely do not believe that we can vote our way out of this. The future, unless some Divine intervention happens, is probably a mix of China, Mexico, and South Africa as the US’s future. For some reason there are a handful of brilliant people, Jared Taylor, Peter Brimelow speaking out but NONE in the GOP, NONE.

    “The principle, on which the war was
    waged by the North, was that men may rightfully be
    compelled to submit to, and support, a government
    that they do not want; and that resistance, on their
    part, makes them traitors and criminals.”
    Lysander Spooner