Posted on December 26, 2007

The Padilla Factor: From Andalusia to Aztlan

Scott Richtert, Chicago Daily Observer


A decade ago, Hispanics made up a negligible portion of U.S. converts to Islam every year. Today, according to the Council on American Islamic Relations (CAIR), they make up six percent. That makes Hispanics, and especially recent immigrants from Mexico, the fastest-growing group of converts to Islam.

Obviously, we’re not talking large numbers—yet. But given the extent of Mexican immigration (both legal and illegal) to the United States in recent years, there’s a very large pool of immigrants that Muslim groups can target for conversion. And that is precisely what they are doing. CAIR runs Hispanic outreach programs, and its Chicago office supported the “immigrants-rights” rallies last year.

Websites such as and are growing in popularity, and feature both conversion stories and a potted history designed to convince Hispanics that Islam is their ancestral religion. As Aaron Siebert-Llera, himself a Mexican-American convert to Islam and a Ph.D. candidate in sociology at Northwestern University, wrote: “Research to this point has demonstrated that Latinos who embrace Islam do so in part because of perceived Spanish (or Andalusian) Muslim heritage.” In targeting Hispanics, Muslims often make explicit connections between what Northwestern University professor Dario Fernandez-Morera has called “the Andalusian myth” and the equally powerful Mexican irredentist myth of Aztlan.

There are other factors at work as well, “including a broader flight from the Catholic Church and the perceived threat to traditional Latino values of family and community in America,” as Siebert-Llera writes. The Washington Post, Christian Science Monitor, Houston Chronicle, Dallas Morning News, MSNBC, and NPR have all run lengthy stories on this phenomenon over the past year. To a man—or, rather, we might say to a woman, since 60 percent of the converts are Latinas—everyone interviewed in each story was a Catholic who explained that Islam provides him or her with something that Catholicism in America does not.

The “Padilla Factor” is an element totally ignored in the current immigration debate—but ignored, perhaps, at our peril.