Postcode Lottery for Race Relations

EurekAlert, March 3, 2014

People’s racial prejudices are influenced by where they live, reports a new study led by Oxford University psychologists.

The researchers found that levels of racial prejudice among white people drop significantly when they live in ethnically mixed communities, even when they do not have direct contact with minorities. Simply seeing white strangers interacting positively with ethnic minorities is enough to reduce racial prejudice.

The researchers have called this positive effect ‘passive tolerance’, likening it to the negative effect of ‘passive smoking’ where a smoky environment can increase your risk of lung cancer, even if you do not smoke yourself.

Using survey data from seven studies conducted between 2002 and 2011 across England, Europe, the USA and South Africa, the team investigated people’s attitudes towards different ethnic groups. The results, published this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, show that even prejudiced people who avoid contact with other groups become less prejudiced when they live in areas where different ethnicities mix.

‘We have shown that positive contact between people belonging to different ethnic groups leads to more tolerant societies overall,’ said Professor Miles Hewstone of Oxford University’s Department of Experimental Psychology, senior author of the study and Director of the Oxford Centre for the Study of Intergroup Conflict. ‘Astonishingly, we don’t just see reduced prejudice among people who have direct contact with ethnic minorities. It isn’t even confined to those whose friends have contact with minorities. Simply living in a neighbourhood where other people are mixing with minorities is enough to reduce racial prejudice.’

To rule out the possibility that more tolerant people simply choose to live in more diverse areas, two of the seven studies were conducted over several years to see how attitudes changed over time. They showed that even the most prejudiced people who did not mix at all with ethnic minorities became more tolerant over time when they lived in areas where others were mixing.

‘If two white people with identical views went to live in different postcodes for a year, the person in the neighbourhood with more mixing between ethnic groups would likely leave more tolerant,’ said Professor Hewstone, ‘We would see this effect even if they never personally spoke to people from other ethnicities. The size of this “passive tolerance” effect on people’s prejudice is of the same order as the effect of passive smoking on lung cancer risk.’

As part of the wider analysis, the team surveyed 1,056 German nationals from 50 districts in Germany, each with a different proportion of ethnic minority residents. These respondents all completed surveys in both spring 2010 and 2011 to monitor changes in attitude and behaviour. This work was led by Dr Oliver Christ of Philipps-University Marburg and the University of Hagen, lead author of the study.

German nationals taking part in the survey were asked how many of their friends were foreigners, how often they spoke to foreigners and how often foreigners helped them out. Prejudice was assessed by asking participants how much they agreed with statements suggesting that there are too many foreigners in Germany, that foreigners burden the social security system and that foreigners should be deported if jobs become scarce.

‘Our results clearly show that districts with the most mixing between ethnic groups lead to the highest reductions in racial prejudice,’ said Professor Hewstone. ‘Although our recent longitudinal studies were conducted in Germany, there is no reason to believe that these effects would not be the same across the world. The cross-sectional studies conducted in England, the USA, and South Africa certainly support this idea.

‘Governments should do more to encourage different groups to mix with each other, as we now know that this reduces prejudice not just in individuals but throughout entire neighbourhoods. Social interventions that aim to increase contact between groups will help to establish more tolerant social norms in society. In the long run, this should lead to more harmonious neighbourhoods.’

Topics:

Share This

We welcome comments that add information or perspective, and we encourage polite debate. If you log in with a social media account, your comment should appear immediately. If you prefer to remain anonymous, you may comment as a guest, using a name and an e-mail address of convenience. Your comment will be moderated.
  • Frank_DeScushin

    “Governments should do more to encourage different groups to mix with each other.”

    The only way that Western governments could possibly encourage different groups to mix together more than these governments already do is to make it compulsory.

    • Einsatzgrenadier

      This is why having a single national and ethnic identity is vital for maintaining a stable, economically prosperous and democratic society. A single unifying identity maximizes social co-operation between individuals. It also fosters an atmosphere of trust and empathy for one’s fellow citizens. Dumping racially and culturally dissimilar foreigners into a previously ethnically homogeneous society totally destroys this level of social and national cohesion. Without a single national and ethnic identity, the coercive apparatus of the state is needed to force people to co-operate with each other, leading to the establishment of a brutal totalitarian political order.

      More ethnic diversity means less freedom and liberty for whites.

    • I’m sure it’s on the menu.

  • What am I to believe? This nonsense, or reality?

  • Diana Moon Glampers

    They aren’t even trying to hide the agenda anymore. “Affirmatively furthering fair housing” can now be deployed worldwide for the good of all! Enrichment for everyone! Please ignore the white victims.

  • Spartacus

    Does this apply to Afrikaaner as well ?

  • DaveMed

    Basically, they beat White identity into submission.

    Then they take the results and proclaim that this cowing is “progress.”

  • Luca

    “We have shown that positive contact between people belonging to different ethnic groups leads to more tolerant societies overall,’ said Professor Miles Hewstone..”

    Okay professor, now tell us what happens when NEGATIVE contact between people of different ethnic groups occur. I’m surprised you didn’t report this in your studies as it happens far more often than the positive kind.

    Also notice how the report identifies only ethnic minorities as being victims of prejudice, as if it weren’t a two-way street.

    The indoctrination continues for those who do not see.

    • Pelagian

      “Okay professor, now tell us what happens when NEGATIVE contact between people of different ethnic groups occur.”

      What they mean is contact, period. When they use that catchphrase “positive contact” there always implying that that’s the only kind you will ever have. To say that there is “negative contact” is rayciss. If you have what you perceive to be a negative contact, it’s actually a positive contact you just haven’t looked deeply enough into your racial psyche. Even if you are beaten, it’s a positive contact because you’re learning about the extent of your sins.

    • JohnEngelman

      I can tell Professor Miles Hewstone does not live in or near a black neighborhood.

  • So CAL Snowman

    I notice the survey did not include any non – Whites, but that’s okay since we know non – Whites are the most tolerant and racially accepting people in the world. Of course White people become more “passive” around hordes of non – Whites. If White people do or say ANYTHING that is not agreeable to the non – White hordes we are savaged and attacked without mercy. You have to tip toe through the tulips if you are a White person living around non Whites.

  • Is it possible this is a case of telling the researchers what they wanted to hear? People lie to survey takers all the time. “Familiarity breed contempt” is an old adage that captures the real truth, I believe. In my case, the more I was around them, the less I wanted to do with them–minorities that is.

  • Sick of it

    They couldn’t be more wrong. The only people preaching “tolerance” in this country are those who don’t live in or near the ghetto. I notice that a lot of folks over there who push the same thing live in fancy mansions, castles, or gated communities. Go figure.

    • Einsatzgrenadier

      Only white people are expected to be open-minded and tolerant, while 3rd world immigrants are encouraged by the government to retain their ethnic and cultural prejudices. “Tolerance” is just another word for white genocide.

      • Sick of it

        We’ve tolerated ourselves to less than 10% of the world population. We cannot tolerate anymore.

  • dd121

    I think I’m suffering from “Secondary Black Syndrome”. The solution is to remove all blacks from my country.

    • Pelagian

      Smoke blacks if you got ’em!

  • Sue

    Every article on this s*it is always about white prejudice. That’s prejudice right there. It is a preference to be with ones own not a prejudice.

  • Truthseeker

    “Tolerance” is such an annoying word. I’m “tolerant” of most people out there. I don’t go around making enemies of people of other races or backgrounds. I get along fine with them for the most part. At the same time, I believe that there are differences between people of different races, that nationalism is a vitally important thing for all people, and that in the big picture, it’s healthier for people to be aligned societally with others who have common cultural interests. Is that “intolerant,” or simply a level-headed assessment of reality? It’s perfectly possible for me to like and respect people of different backgrounds while believing that both they and I will be happier in the long run if we maintain separate societies.

    • Brian

      I’m not sure why these profs think ‘tolerance’ is so great. Tolerance just means putting up with something, not being made happy by it. I ‘tolerated’ having a root canal recently…and unlike Diversity Fatigue, the root canal eventually _ended_.

  • antiquesunlight

    What nonsense. White people are naturally very tolerant and empathetic. That we are tolerating of and generous to foreigners doesn’t mean squat. The fact that we have to tolerate people all the time is the whole problem. The more white people start putting two and two together, the less tolerant we will be. That’s been my story, for sure.

    I grew up around plenty of blacks and couldn’t stand them because they acted like animals. At a very young age, I considered it to be common sense among whites that blacks were to be avoided if possible. It wasn’t until I got into my teens and was shamed by other whites for stating something true about blacks that I started to become more “tolerant.” (I had pointed out that blacks on the school bus were always really loud, rude, and stupid.)

    My will to remain PC gradually weakened as I worked with blacks and, later, Mexicans. I got treated like garbage and had to listen to a bunch of illegal immigrants talk about how great Mexico is, so I started wondering, “What’s this country going to be like when these people are the majority?” Then a couple years ago I decided to go to college. A part of my motivation for getting a college education was so I could get a job that blacks and Mexicans weren’t likely to have in large numbers (computer programming). But now I’m in college, and I’m a minority. Every day I’m at the college, it’s like being in America 2050. Hard to make friends because everybody speaks bad English and has foreign customs, and it’s hard to meet decent girls because a lot of them are non-white, dumb, and ugly. So while I’m having all these real, everyday problems, I have to hear my professors go on and on about how wonderfully diverse our student population is, how lucky we are, and I have to listen to them preach white guilt with every spare breath. It makes me want to throw my desk at them.

    • Great comment. Your story is rapidly becoming the universal white person’s story. I would advise changing colleges, if possible. If you can’t, then realize that those mystery meat ugly females give a man the incentive to graduate as quickly as possible, so he can go out and meet white girls.

      • antiquesunlight

        I hear that. I’m at a two-year college right now. I’ll be transferring to GA Tech, which I expect to be largely white and asian (but I haven’t looked up demographics yet). I’m grateful for the opportunity to get an education and all, but I can’t wait to get away from these weirdoes.

        • Brian

          Ramblin’ Wreck!

          (Go Jackets.)

    • Diana Moon Glampers

      Being a realist can be lonely and frustrating. Many women have late conversions, and they are few and far between, but they are out there. You will need a lot of patience, but it will be worth it.

    • saxonsun

      I hear you. I teach at a NYC college which has become increasingly non-white. We have suffered a tremendous influx of Muslims. Ten years ago, I had one Muslim student. Now they swarm the hallways. It is very disconcerting, disorienting and terrifying. This is just not MY country anymore.

  • Martel

    This is simply propaganda. The Dutch PVV, the French National Front, and the Belgium Vlaams Belang get their votes mainly from those who either live in or escaped multicultural nightmares.

  • willbest

    I find that my new 90% white neighborhood gives far less of a toss about skin color than my old 60/30/6/4 H/W/A/B neighborhood.

  • sbuffalonative

    People’s racial prejudices are influenced by where they live

    WHERE they live, not WHO they are forced to live WITH?

  • sbuffalonative

    The researchers found that levels of racial prejudice among white people
    drop significantly when they live in ethnically mixed communities, even
    when they do not have direct contact with minorities. Simply seeing
    white strangers interacting positively with ethnic minorities is enough
    to reduce racial prejudice.

    Is this guy making it up as he goes along?

    I for one am driven mad when I see whites going out of their way to befriend blacks when they don’t have to.

    • jambi19

      Ya…I just love BM + WF couples everywhere. This positive interaction really reduces my prejudice! In fact in makes me want to starting hitting on all the 300 LB Lakeshias walking around. They have such amazing hair/nail styles and are the definition of beauty!

      • antiquesunlight

        I’ll never understand why a white girl older than 20 would date a black guy. The youngins are brainwashed and innocent, but after a certain maturity level, it makes no sense to me whatsoever.

        • Katherine McChesney

          White women demean themselves when they couple with a black man. The same goes for White men who choose black women as their partners.

  • IstvanIN

    Baloney. The more time I spend around blacks the more I know they are not us, can never be us, are detrimental to us and civilization in general.

    • Alexandra1973

      I went from living in metro Detroit to a small, 97% White town in Ohio. Every time I travel to the Detroit area to visit relatives, the difference is SO noticeable…especially when you have your eyes open.

      The way blacks drive on the freeways…is it any wonder auto insurance rates are higher in major cities?

    • MBlanc46

      I presume that the bahstahds who wrote this have very little contact with Negroes.

      • JohnEngelman

        Affluent whites usually have contact with few Negroes. Those few are either exceptional, or they occupy subordinate positions without resentment. Affluent whites do not know how it feels to get off work at 10:00 pm in or near a black neighborhood and to have to wait a half hour at a bus stop.

  • Alexandra1973

    We’re pretty much forced to tolerate TNB. And we’ll only tolerate it for so long.

    You know, I do not hate blacks. There are a very few that I’d associate with, and they are fellow Christians. Of course those I can count on one hand and have fingers left over.

    But one of these days, something’s going to give, and it’s gonna get ugly.

    • MBlanc46

      “But one of these days, something’s going to give, and it’s gonna get ugly.”

      I loathe confrontation. But at some point you have to say, “No more”.

  • Glen

    Including myself there are three YTs in my shop of 25. None of us
    are able to speak freely and honestly with each other. Code is used,
    but is risky. Political discussions are limited to homosexuality and
    firearms, and even that is “treading on thin ice.” No response can be made by us to intentionally loud talk concerning the “unmitigated evil of White men for slavery” or “the reconquista is long overdue justice for brown people.” This restraint on our part, smiles, and our apparent willingness to act as sounding boards for the illegitimate grievances of lazy and irresponsible non-Whites is all part of “getting along,” and is something we must do to stay employed. Anything else would be “disrespectful” of diversity and result in our termination. White employees in a non-White environment are automatically “suspect,” even if whites own/run the place.

    The same thing happens in our diverse neighborhood. The well-being of wives and children are at stake. This is the nature of “passive tolerance.”

  • Corto

    Some posters on this board have said “there is no White genocide”.

    This article is a witness against them. The only reason you would break up a people (or, a population of animals) in a similar manner is if you wanted them weakened and destroyed.

    No one introduces a massive population of bird A in with bird B unless they want less of bird B. In the same way, searching for ways to make Whites more “tolerant” by flooding them with hatemongers is an act of genocide.

    Also note: when used in this sense, the word “tolerant” does not mean its dictionary definition, but rather “conforms to approved left-wing beliefs about White inferiority.”

  • Dalliance

    Passive tolerance is a big thing in totalitarian societies. They see it as acceptance.

    • jambi19

      Boom. Post of the night right here. Excellent observation.

  • WR_the_realist

    People may indeed become less prejudiced when they actually live with diversity.

    But they become more postjudiced. Living next to Jews might convince you that most of them are not trying to destroy the white race. But living next to blacks will certainly teach you why most whites prefer not to.

  • JohnEngelman

    The researchers found that levels of racial prejudice among white people drop significantly when they live in ethnically mixed communities, even when they do not have direct contact with minorities. Simply seeing white strangers interacting positively with ethnic minorities is enough to reduce racial prejudice.

    – EurekAlert, March 3, 2014

    What happens to racial prejudice when you can’t go out after dark because black criminals might kill you for ten dollars in your wallet?

    ————

    “There are some ideas so absurd that only an intellectual could believe them.”

    ― George Orwell

  • JohnEngelman

    Racial minorities are not created equal. When I lived with poor Vietnamese refugees I would often get off work at 10:00 pm and walk three miles home. If I tried that where I live now I might get killed.

    • Sick of it

      None of their gangs in that area? Vietnamese have ethnic gangs as well.

      • JohnEngelman

        They do not mug people and rob them at gunpoint. San Jose has one of the lowest if not the lowest crime rates of any large city in the United States.

  • JohnEngelman

    If this was true Southern whites would be the least prejudiced people in the United States.

    • MBlanc46

      Good point, John.

  • MBlanc46

    “Governments should do more to encourage different groups to mix with
    each other, as we now know that this reduces prejudice not just in
    individuals but throughout entire neighbourhoods”.

    So these authoritarian vermin want the state to be telling us with whom we should socialize? When are we going to say, “This far and no further”?

  • Joe Williams

    Having family in Oxford, I know the building from which this ‘academic’ pie-in-the-sky disinformation emanated from. A fantasy factory, churning out multi-culti propaganda; Lennon’s ‘Imagine’ on repeat play in the refectory.
    If any of the researchers could be bothered to take a 15 minute walk to Cowley, a district that was once solid white working-class, but is now a muslim ghetto, they would discover an isolated enclave of melanin-challenged people who have had ‘tolerance’ thrust upon them. People who know how to keep their mouths under control, thanks to PC, but who have developed a coded public language, necessary in an occupied country, with which to express their seething disgust with the Quisling politicians who have betrayed them. Ironically, politicians often ‘educated’ at Oxford University – humanities degrees, naturally. One of which, PPE, politics, philosophy & economics renders graduates fit only for our traitorous political class, or the BBC – social engineering, & its mouthpiece.
    As you probably know, England is going through a spate of appalling ‘child-grooming’ court cases – gangs of muslim sex-criminals systematically debauching white working-class girls. Last year 12 Oxford ‘men’ were imprisoned, some for over 20 years which, in liberal England, speaks volumes as to the atrocity of the crimes. The feeling amongst white Britons (as opposed to ‘British’, our passports are handed out like confetti at a gay wedding) was anything but ‘tolerant’. These perverts were ‘enriching’ us & our daughters in the shadow of this Oxford University research department. That seemed to have slipped under their radar. No wonder Oxford is known as the ‘city of dreaming spires’ – things are different at street-level. Then we had the murder of Lee Rigby…& an outburst of national ‘tolerance’ that was so phenomenal nobody saw it.
    What is it with academics & truth-aversion?

    • saxonsun

      If they noticed it, they wouldn’t care. What has happened to England, once the greatest nation on the earth and possessor of the

      • David Ashton

        Thank you. I trust you outnumber people like D.B. Cooper.

    • David Ashton

      I was educated at Oxford but resisted all this from the outset; at that time by no means alone. A few snapshots from long-ago memory: (1) the Muslim male I watched from my window in the Iffley Road with his women shuffling along behind, stopping every time he did so at the same appropriate distance; (2) two poorly dressed Indian workers coming towards us at Magdalen Bridge when my Jewish-Indian companion (I am not making him up) suddenly said: “You Christians feel sorry for people like that – we couldn’t care less”; (3) undergraduates trying successively to shout down Harold Macmillan, Oswald Mosley and Professor Manning; (4) coming face to face in my junior common room with a friend of anti-apartheid campaigner Peter Hain (now MP) John Harris who was later convicted of murder by a bomb planted in Johannesburg railway station; (5) the Joint Action Committee Against Racial Intolerance as the original fission-fungus.

      Clouds then as small as a man’s hand.

  • Norseman

    This article, provided that the statistics are correct, does not impugn the insights of race realism. First of all it would be interesting to see a breakdown of the numbers in terms of which ethnicities these whites mixed with as well as the socioeconomic group of the areas researched.

    Secondly, it might be that some whites have too strong prejudices not warranted by real life. If, for instance, you believe that all blacks are less intelligent than whites, you will be disabused of that belief if you have a wide range of contact with both black and white people. You will however notice that there are a much larger portion of blacks whoose mental capacaties seem to be stunted.

  • LIBERTYSINCURSION

    Strange, my daily interaction with diversity had the complete opposite affect on me. My interactions solidified the rumors I heard about different races as no longer being rumors but verified fact. While I had my diversity awakening quite a long time ago. The people of my home town which I grew up in are currently living out their very own diversity lesson.

    Around 4 or 5 years ago the opposite of gentrification began in this small and entirely White town. Since then it’s become roughly 60% White and 40% black. Recently we just reached another diversity bench mark with a huge prostitution/drug ring bust. But that was nothing compared to our first drive by shooting though. ( I am Not Kidding, a drive by, in a small isolated town, courtesy of Diversity, of course )

    The reason I mention this is because of the fact that after a first hand multi year lesson in diversity. I haven’t found anyone who’s so called “prejudice”, or “bias”, towards the diversifiers has been removed or even diminished by their contact with diversity. In fact, the exact opposite is so often the case it makes me question these psychologist findings. I think they simply found what they were looking for. In other words, they started with the conclusion then sought the data to confirm it.

  • Garrett Brown

    Most whites are tolerant because most whites are cowards.

  • Truth Teller

    antiquesunlight
    Don’t bother changing colleges. They are all totally anti White. Just keep your mouth shut and stick it out. It might be better to check the black box on your job applications. Microsoft in Seattle hires Whites but only with at least 5 years experience.

  • Truth Teller

    This reminds me of those studies about toothpaste and soap. Everybody responds oh yes, I brush my teeth after every meal, bathe and shower every day and wash my hands several times a day. But compare sales of toothpaste and soap in the area surveyed and one finds the respondents used substantially less toothpaste and soap than claimed.
    Same with alcohol use reported to Drs. I have maybe one can of beer when I get home from work, maybe a glass of wine once or twice a week. But the blood labs come back with serious liver damage.

    • itdoesnotmatter

      Soliciting a health history from patients who present reeking with alcohol and tobacco fumes, or display classical symptoms of long term use/abuse, a clinician soon learns:
      Intake Doctor’s Q: How many cigarettes do you smoke per day, Mr. Smith?
      A: About half a pack [clinician mentally doubles it]
      Q: How much hard liquor do you consume per day?
      A: I have a highball before supper [clinician mentally triples it]
      Q: How much wine or beer do you drink per day?
      A: A couple of beers, a glass of wine [clinician mentally notes a six pack, half a bottle of wine, at least
      Later, questioning the family, the doctor’s assumptions are usually 99% spot on. Patients who dissemble about their substance habits place themselves at extreme risk.

  • William Krapek

    I call bullshit on that. Every time I’m in a more “mixed environment” I come out even more annoyed than ever.

  • scutum

    This study is just more tripe from the academic left. Those white that remain in mixed race communities do not become more tolerant. They become more resentful and intolerant, just read some of the postings here by people who have had to live among blacks or go to mostly black schools. To know them is to dislike them.

  • saxonsun

    But who will risk his/her job? Seriously. Most of us would have to engage in “rebellious” behavior in order for it to make a dent.

  • Diana Moon Glampers

    Governments should do more to encourage different groups to mix with each other
    ……………..
    Like flooding in third world immigrants? Or redistributing the wealth to make escape impossible? Maybe making it illegal to dissent?

  • David Ashton

    This is such a trivial piece of sociological research in its terms and methodology that it deserves consideration only because our rejection of it might be considered evasive by our opponents with their own low standards of objectivity and coverage.

  • negrolocaust

    A BLACK baltimore police officer just beat a 7 month old jack russel
    terrier to death and tossed it in a trash can then sent pictures of it
    to the owner….

  • zanegray

    Haven’t they heard of white flight ?

    Whites are a minority in London now.

    Those ‘tolerant’ whites are the ones who have nowhere else to go.