CBC Head: Black America Is ‘in a State of Emergency’

Mike Lillis, The Hill, February 4, 2015

The new head of the Congressional Black Caucus (CBC) is eyeing a criminal justice overhaul that would tap special prosecutors to oversee cases involving police shootings.

Rep. G.K. Butterfield (D-N.C.) says the often-chummy relationship between local police and prosecutors can taint the examination of such cases and undermine justice for the victims.

Butterfield, a former judge, said August’s high-profile shooting death of an unarmed black teenager by a white police officer in Ferguson, Mo.–and the controversial nature of the prosecutor’s handling of that case–is clear evidence that the current system is broken and needs a fix.

“There is a common bond between law enforcement officers and prosecutors. It’s natural,” Butterfield said last week during a sit-down interview in his Capitol Hill office.

“So when there’s a police shooting . . . I am probably going to advocate some type of special prosecutor, randomly selected, to handle these cases. Appointed by whom? I don’t know. Should it be the chief justice? Should it be the governor? You know, the jury’s still out on that. But we’ve got to look at not using the local hometown prosecutor in cases involving police shootings.”

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Lamenting that black America is “in a state of emergency,” Butterfield said the issue would be among his top priorities as he takes the reins of the CBC. That push will include not only a focus on police misconduct, he said, but also a much broader examination of efforts to improve law enforcement training, promote community policing, provide quality counsel to poor defendants and eliminate racial disparities in sentencing laws, especially when it comes to controlled substances.

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At 46 members strong, the CBC is more powerful than it has ever been. Still, with Republicans controlling the House, the group’s leaders are quick to acknowledge they’ve got a tough road ahead to move their agenda.

GOP leaders have shown no interest, for example, in efforts to update the 1965 Voting Rights Act after a 2013 Supreme Court ruling eliminated central provisions. The update is a top priority for the CBC.

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Still, Butterfield emphasized that he’ll be reaching out to GOP leaders in search of areas of common ground. Goodlatte is on that list regarding the voting law, he said, as is Rep. Paul Ryan (R-Wis.), the head of the Ways and Means Committee, who had been open last year to examining a long-standing CBC proposal designed to fight extreme poverty.

Championed by Rep. Jim Clyburn (S.C.), the third-ranking House Democrat, the “10-20-30” proposal would direct at least 10 percent of federal anti-poverty spending to communities where at least 20 percent of the population has lived below the poverty line for at least 30 years.

Butterfield said there are almost 500 counties in the nation where those conditions exist, and that “most of them” are represented by a Republican. He’s hoping to win the backing of Majority Whip Steve Scalise (R-La.), who’s been under fire in recent months over reports that, as a state legislator in 2002, he  spoke to a white supremacist group.

“He’s had some missteps over the last few weeks, and I believe this would be a good means of recovery from those missteps if he could work with us on targeted funding,” Butterfield said.

In the absence of legislation, Butterfield said Obama, through the Justice Department, could take executive steps to reform parts of the criminal justice system. An effort to ensure that all defendants have competent counsel, regardless of their ability to pay, is one such step, Butterfield proposed.

“I encourage him to use more of his executive authority,” Butterfield said, “and I believe he will.”

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