Terrorists Used New Tactic to Spare Some Muslims

Rukmini Callimachi, My Way, September 29, 2013

The turbaned gunmen who infiltrated Nairobi’s Westgate mall arrived with a set of religious trivia questions: As terrified civilians hid in toilet stalls, behind mannequins, in ventilation shafts and underneath food court tables, the assailants began a high-stakes game of 20 Questions to separate Muslims from those they consider infidels.

A 14-year-old boy saved himself by jumping off the mall’s roof, after learning from friends inside that they were quizzed on names of the Prophet Muhammad’s relatives. A Jewish man scribbled a Quranic scripture on his hand to memorize, after hearing the terrorists were asking captives to recite specific verses. Numerous survivors described how the attackers from al-Shabab, a Somali cell which recently joined al-Qaida, shot people who failed to provide the correct answers.

Their chilling accounts, combined with internal al-Shabab documents discovered earlier this year by The Associated Press, mark the final notch in a transformation within the global terror network, which began to rethink its approach after its setbacks in Iraq. Al-Qaida has since realized that the indiscriminate killing of Muslims is a strategic liability, and hopes instead to create a schism between Muslims and everyone else, whom they consider “kuffar,” or apostates.


The evolution of al-Shabab is reflected in a set of three documents believed to be written by the terrorist group, and found by the AP in northern Mali earlier this year. They include the minutes of a conference of 85 Islamic scholars, held in December 2011 in Somalia, as well as a summary of fatwas they issued last year after acceptance into the al-Qaida fold.

Baptized with the name al-Shabab, meaning The Youth, in 2006, the group began as an extremist militia, fighting the government of Somalia. As early as 2009, it began courting al-Qaida, issuing recordings with titles like, “At Your Service Osama.”

Until the Westgate attack, the group made no effort to spare Muslim civilians, hitting packed restaurants, bus stations and a government building where hundreds of students were awaiting test results. And until his death in 2011, Osama bin Laden refused to allow Shabab into the al-Qaida network, according to letters retrieved from his safehouse in Pakistan. The letters show that the terror leader was increasingly troubled by regional jihadi operations killing Muslim civilians.

In a letter to Shabab in 2010, bin Laden politely advised the Somali-based fighters to review their operations “in order to minimize the toll to Muslims.” Shabab did not get the green light to join al-Qaida until February 2012, almost a year after bin Laden’s death.

In an email exchange this week with The Associated Press, it made its intentions clear: “The Mujahideen carried out a meticulous vetting process at the mall and have taken every possible precaution to separate the Muslims from the Kuffar before carrying out their attack.” However, even at Westgate, al-Shabab still killed Muslims, who were among the more than 60 civilians gunned down inside.


Rutvik Patel, 14, was in the aisles at Nakumatt, the mall’s supermarket which sells everything from plasma TVs to imported kiwis, when he heard the first explosion. “They started shooting continuously, and whoever died, died,” he said. “Then it became calm and they came up to people and began asking them some questions. If you knew the answer, they let you go,” he said. “They asked the name of the Prophet’s mom. They asked them to sing a religious verse.”


Al-Shabab’s attempts to identify Muslims are clear in the 16-page transcript from the conference of Islamic scholars held in the Somali town of Baidoa, an area known to be under Shabab control in 2011, according to Somalia specialist Kenneth Menkhaus, a political science professor at Davidson College in North Carolina. The scholars issued several fatwas defining exactly who was a Muslim and who was an apostate.

The document states it is halal, or lawful, to kill and rob those who commit crimes against Islam: “The French and the English are to be treated equally: Their blood and their money are halal wherever they may be. No Muslim in any part of the world may cooperate with them in any way. … It leads to apostasy and expulsion from Islam,” it says. Further on it adds: “Accordingly, Ethiopians, Kenyans, Ugandans and Burundians are just like the English and the French because they have invaded the Islamic country of Somalia.”


In a second document dated Feb. 29, 2012–just two weeks after al-Shabab joins al-Qaida–the organization warns Muslims to stay away from buildings occupied by non-Muslims, chillingly predicting and justifying the death of Muslims at Westgate.

“And so all Muslims must stay far away from the enemy and their installations so as not to become human shields for them, and so as not to be hurt by the blows of the mujahedeen directed at the Crusader enemies,” it says. “There is no excuse for those who live or mingle with the enemies in their locations.”

Yet at the same time it says: “The mujahideen are sincere in wanting to spare the blood of their brother Muslims, and they don’t want a Muslim to die from the bullets directed at the enemies of God.”


Topics: , ,

Share This

We welcome comments that add information or perspective, and we encourage polite debate. If you log in with a social media account, your comment should appear immediately. If you prefer to remain anonymous, you may comment as a guest, using a name and an e-mail address of convenience. Your comment will be moderated.
  • Extropico

    They seem very concerned with the idea we infidels refer to as “collateral damage.” Quite respectable.

    • Except they have not risen to the level of sophistication needed to understand what a “noncombatant” is. I’m not going to hold my breath waiting for them to do so, either.

      • Extropico

        Very wise, sir.

      • dogbone

        Neither has the US.

        • Give me one example where US forces have in the last decade deliberately targeted unarmed civilians as a matter of official policy. No, incidents like the Mahmudiyeh gang-rape/massacre do not count because the personnel involved were not ordered to do this and were in fact punished with life sentences.

          The whole point to the recent concern for “collateral damage” is that deaths and injuries to unarmed civilians are unintentional and completely undesireable, especially as they arouse the desire for revenge and act as an effecting recruiting tool for insurgents.

          A successful counterinsurgency campaign must not only militarly defeat the guerilla forces, but also eliminate their perceived need to fight. History’s successful counterinsurgency campaigns did exactly this: the British against Malayan Communists, the Philippine army against the Hukbalahap, etc. Recruiting additional hostiles through an official policy of atrocities is thus counterproductive.

          It is important to remember that wars are – in the end – fought for political reasons, and one must thus always have a political solution waiting in the wings after one has achieved battlefield victory. The Roman army did a fine job defeating the Celts, as did the British army against Scottish Jacobites, but the political solution lay in commerce. Trade resulted in the Romanization of continental Celts, and the network of good roads in the Scottish highlands built by the British army after 1745 integrated that area into the British economy. Note that the Romans were also obsessive-compulsive about building good roads. Likewise, the rash of railroad building in India that followed the Sepoy mutiny (NOT “rebellion”) of 1857 probably did more to pacify the subcontinent than anything else the British did.

          A relatively recent example of the ultimate futility of the officially deliberate targeting of civilians was the fighting in Yugoslavia. The vile behavior of Serbian Chetniks toward Coats and Bosniaks made any sort of national reconciliation – precisely the point of Serbia’s military action – impossible. Level-headed military brass – and most of them are very level-headed – don’t do these things. They order broken only the things that need it.

  • Spartacus

    “There is no excuse for those who live or mingle with the enemies in their locations.”


    I agree .

  • Puggg

    Rutvik Patel, 14, was in the aisles at Nakumatt, the mall’s supermarket
    which sells everything from plasma TVs to imported kiwis, when he heard
    the first explosion

    They even have Patels in Kenya? I suppose they run all the motels and gas stations there, too.

    • Groids are too lazy to operate small businesses. The old merchant class in Uganda was subcontinental, before His Excellency, Presidency for Life, Field Marshall Al Hadji Doctor Idi Amin Dada, VC, DSO, MC, Lord of All the Beasts of the Earth and Fishes of the Seas and Conqueror of the British Empire in General and Uganda in Particular expelled them, thereby wrecking the Ugandan economy.

      I always feel better when I get to write that lunatic moron’s full, self-awarded title in a post about subcontinental merchants being expelled from black Africa.

      • Puggg

        Writing his full name is also a subtle way to make fun of black vanity and bling mentality.

      • Bantu_Education

        Wasn’t he also “King of Scotland”?

  • Helios Megistos

    Nuke Mecca NOW!

  • DailyKenn

    Cultural Marxism refers to its infidels as “racists”.

  • Marine? Do you mean just politics and intellect, or can we include looks where more women like her are needed?

    I’m only married; I’m not dead.

  • evilsandmich

    Well you probably don’t have to worry about being able to read and write it.

  • Helios Megistos


  • jackryanvb

    Everyone needs to set up a LOCAL immigration control group.

    Make Islamic extremist terrorist immigrants the propaganda enemy that mandates strict immigration controls.

    Only idiot Lib/Libertarians will disagree.

    • You have to be in mourning today.

      I presume this is where you got your screen name.

      • jackryanvb

        Actually no. Never read any of his books. Didn’t he write Cold War spy books about the USA fighting ….

        The Russians?

        Jack Ryan is just a name that sort of fits me.

  • jackryanvb

    Yes. Have buildings, stores that don’t have much to steal..

    Also, book stores, these types rarely go for books.