BBC, September 10, 2020
Greece is sending three ships to help house thousands of migrants sleeping rough on the island of Lesbos after fire destroyed their overcrowded camp.
For a second night families slept on roads, and in fields and car parks after fleeing Moria camp, where about 13,000 had been living in squalor.
A blaze engulfed Moria on Tuesday night before another wiped out any remaining tents on Wednesday.
About 400 teenagers and children have been flown to mainland Greece.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron have agreed on a plan for the EU to take in about 400 unaccompanied minors from Lesbos, AFP news agency reports. It is not yet clear if they will be the ones already flown to mainland Greece.
The EU has tried previously to resettle migrants among different member states but only a minority have been transferred from overcrowded camps in Greece and Italy. A quota system was rejected by a group of member states.
The Greek ferry Blue Star Chios has now docked at Sigri, a Lesbos port about 100km (60 miles) from the main town Mytilene. It has capacity to house 1,000 migrants, and Greece is also sending two naval vessels to provide emergency accommodation.
Migration Minister Notis Mitarachi said about 2,000 people would be temporarily sheltered on the ships.
He also said efforts were under way to provide shelter near the devastated Moria camp site.
Mr Mitarachi said tensions had been running high in the camp because a 15-day quarantine had been imposed after a migrant tested positive for coronavirus last week.
By Wednesday, 35 people linked to the camp had tested positive for coronavirus, and there is concern on Lesbos now that most of them need to be urgently located.
Caroline Willeman, the Moria co-ordinator for medical charity Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), told the BBC that “they had initially been isolated, but of course in the chaos of the last two days they have once again been dispersed within the wider community”.
“We had been told last night that eight out of the 35 cases had again been located and isolated.”
What happened at Moria?
Fires broke out in more than three places in a short space of time, local fire chief Konstantinos Theofilopoulos told state television channel ERT. Some protesting migrants hindered firefighters who tried to tackle the flames, he said.
The main blaze, which was initially fanned by high winds, was put out by Wednesday morning. Some 20 firefighters, 10 fire engines and a helicopter were sent to the scene.
The incident occurred just hours after reports that 35 people had tested positive for Covid-19 at the camp. Authorities placed the facility under quarantine last week after a Somali migrant was confirmed to have contracted coronavirus.
Mr Mitarachi said the fires “began with the asylum seekers because of the quarantine imposed”. Some of those infected with the virus had reportedly refused to move into isolation with their families.
He did not say, however, that the fires were a deliberate act of arson aimed at destroying the camp.
But some migrants told BBC Persian that the fire had broken out after scuffles between migrants and Greek forces at the camp.
Several blamed “far-right Greeks” for the blaze after the announcement of coronavirus cases, and took photos of what they said were canisters used to ignite the flames.
Many migrants then attempted to carry their belongings to the port town of Mytilene but police had blocked roads. Others were reportedly attacked by locals as they tried to pass through a nearby village.
What has the reaction been?
A state of emergency has been declared and several ministers have been sent to Lesbos to assess the situation.
Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis said “the situation in Moria cannot go on, because it is simultaneously a public health and national security issue”.
In Germany, the Prime Minister of North Rhine-Westphalia, Armin Laschet, offered to “take in 1,000 refugees”.
What is the camp?
It lies north-east of Mytilene and has been overwhelmed by huge numbers of refugees for years.
According to InfoMigrants, about 70% of people in the camp are from Afghanistan but migrants from more than 70 different countries live there.
An overflow site – the Kara Tepe Refugee Camp – has since been built but there is still not enough space to accommodate all arrivals.
For years, thousands of people who arrived on Lesbos were placed in the camp and could not leave until their asylum application was processed on the mainland – a slow, bureaucratic process.
In April, Human Rights Watch said the Greek authorities had not done enough to tackle “acute overcrowding” at the site.