The Paradox of Diverse Communities

Richard Florida, The Atlantic Cities, November 19, 2013

Urbanists and planners like to imagine and design for a world of diversity. Diversity, we like to think, is both a social good and, as I’ve argued, a spur to innovation and economic growth.

But to what degree is this goal of diverse, cohesive community attainable, even in theory?

That’s the key question behind an intriguing new study, “The (In)compatibility of Diversity and Sense of Community,” published in the November edition of the American Journal of Community Psychology. The study, by sociologist Zachary Neal and psychologist Jennifer Watling Neal, both of Michigan State University (full disclosure: I was an external member of the former’s dissertation committee), develops a nifty agent-based computer model to test this question.

Their simulations of more than 20 million virtual “neighborhoods” demonstrate a troubling paradox: that community and diversity may be fundamentally incompatible goals. As the authors explain, integration “provides opportunities for intergroup contact that are necessary to promote respect for diversity, but may prevent the formation of dense interpersonal networks that are necessary to promote sense of community.”

Their models focus on the emergence of the “community-diversity dialectic” based on two simple principles: homophily–the tendency of people to bond with others like themselves–and proximity–the tendency of people to bond with those nearby. Their models look at how the strength of these basic tendencies affect the evolution of neighborhoods comprised of two distinct populations (say by race, class, ethnicity and so on). In these simulated neighborhoods, the possible levels of integration ranged from 0 percent (totally segregated) to 50 percent (totally integrated).

In the images below, the authors show three sample neighborhoods with low, medium, and high levels of integration. Notice how much denser the resulting social networks are (in the bottom row) in the highly segregated neighborhood at far left. (You can also play around with an interactive version of the model on Neal’s website, adjusting the levels of homophily, proximity, and integration yourself).

Integration

After 20 million-plus simulations, the authors found that the same basic answer kept coming back: The more diverse or integrated a neighborhood is, the less socially cohesive it becomes, while the more homogenous or segregated it is, the more socially cohesive. As they write, “The model suggests that when people form relationships with similar and nearby others, the contexts that offer opportunities to develop a respect for diversity are different from the contexts that foster a sense of community.”

The graph below, from the study, plots quite plainly the negative relationship between community cohesion and diversity.

Graph

These findings are sobering. Because homophily and proximity are so ingrained in the way humans interact, the models demonstrated that it was impossible to simultaneously foster diversity and cohesion “in all reasonably likely worlds.” In fact, the trends are so strong that no effective social policy could combat them, according to Neal. As he put it in a statement, “In essence, when it comes to neighborhood desegregation and social cohesion, you can’t have your cake and eat it too.”

But, of course, this is the result of computer simulations of reality, not reality itself. Our identities, social relationships and actual neighborhoods are far more complex than simulations can get at. {snip}

On a more positive note, it may be possible to have such sorting by neighborhoods and still have diverse cities. I asked Neal whether he thought that cities that were made up of a federation or mosaic of distinct neighborhoods were more likely to succeed than ones comprised of several more fully mixed neighborhoods. He told me that his model essentially predicted that, regardless of size, more segregated areas–be they neighborhoods or cities–will be more cohesive. He added in an email, “Or even, a more segregated earth will be more cohesive, and a less segregated earth will be less cohesive. Putting diversity and segregation together–you could have a metro that is cohesive and diverse, but it would also need to be highly segregated.”

{snip}

Topics: ,

Share This

We welcome comments that add information or perspective, and we encourage polite debate. If you log in with a social media account, your comment should appear immediately. If you prefer to remain anonymous, you may comment as a guest, using a name and an e-mail address of convenience. Your comment will be moderated.
  • dd121

    What do you know the libs get a “surprise” result and just can’t put two and two together.

    • Oil Can Harry

      That’s because the author Richard Florida is a hispanic buffoon who wrote a series of books falsely claiming that the secret to a city’s financial success depends on how many artists, gays and third world immigrants they can attract.

      In reality third worlders are a financial drain on the tax base while gays are a wash, with some queers being successful entrepreneurs and others being useless hustlers, junkies and drag queen hookers.

      • Mergatroyd

        I remember that book. I think it’s now being used widely as a college textbook.

        • Erasmus

          Or as a door stop by smarter people.

        • Garrett Brown

          I’d prefer it as kindling based on its’ description.

    • 48224

      Unstable diverse community is spelled D-e-t-r-o-i-t.

      Actually, I disagree with the study. Neighborhoods that are 100% black are VERY unstable, violent and crime ridden. I did not see that mentioned in the study.

      • Bantu_Education

        The study is only about humans.

      • Mergatroyd

        Detroit is not diverse, never was; it is 83% black. According to Wiki, “Detroit has had the most dramatic decline in population of the past 60 years (down 1,135,971).” Those were white taxpayers fleeing feral blacks. As the UK’s Guardian reports, Detroit is in terminal decline.

        Not sure why…

        //scarc off

        • Franklin_Ryckaert

          “Diverse” is code for “non-white”. Therefore a place that is 100% black is still 100% “diverse”. Know your dictionary of political correct terms!

  • Manaphy

    “The more diverse or integrated a neighborhood is, the less socially cohesive it becomes.”

    Thank you Captain Obvious. In other news, the sky is still blue, roses are still red, and Liberalism is still a mental disorder.

    • Anna Tree

      I think this article and study are working relatively for our side. Yes it’s tautology, i.e. the obvious truth but it is not useless, it’s the boy shouting the emperor has no clothes. We racialists know and say this all the time, but we are not on the news, so at least this study is.
      Let the “diversity is strength” media/academia keep shooting their own foot 🙂

    • Mike Conrad

      The Captain is indeed speaking, and has been for a long time.

      But lots of people like to ignore things they don’t like.

      Loudoun County, Virginia in 1997:

      “One essential aspect of this place that Holland for some reason scarcely touches upon is its homogeneity. This, as much as shared history and isolation and good old human decency, explains why crime is so low, why people get along so well together, why disagreements can be settled civilly rather than violently. As the familiar example of the Scandinavian countries makes clear, when everyone is more or less alike tension goes down and contentment goes up. This being the case, it should be acknowledged that in an important sense the alien other now bearing down on the county is simply the real world, America in all its heterogeneity; with its arrival, Loudoun County will have to face up to realities the rest of us have been living with for a long time.”

      “City Folks in the Country”
      By Jonathan Yardley
      Sunday, September 21, 1997; Page X03
      The Washington Post

    • Bantu_Education

      Perhaps he should apply to go on “Mastermind” (intellectual British TV quiz) with his special subject being “the completely obvious”.

      • watling

        Quoting from Fawlty Towers by any chance? Basil the Rat episode?

        In the actual scene, Basil is in the hotel’s kitchen with Sybil and she’s stating the obvious concerning methods for getting rid of Manuel’s pet rat. Basil replies: “Can we get you on Mastermind? Next contestant, Sybil Fawlty from Torquay, specialist subject the bleeding obvious.”

  • D.B. Cooper

    The trick is to make the liberal elite live in diversity. As in we should’ve made Chelsea Clinton attend a Washington D.C. public school.

    • dd121

      Even the mulatto offspring of presidents don’t go to public school. Are you kidding?

    • sbuffalonative

      Liberalism is a mental disorder characterized by an inability to see and accept realty. They have ‘beliefs’ that they KNOW are true despite the evidence they aren’t. You can’t reason with people who dismiss facts that don’t fit their belief system.

      The answer to the eternal question, ‘can’t we all just get along’, is no.

    • cecilhenry

      Exactly.

      What should happen to all those who have been complicit in forcing diversity and white genocide??

      Aside from those at the top who should be executed or jailed for life, the others should be forced with a leg brace to live in the ‘diversity’ they so want for others permanently.

      NO chance to show off or condescend to others about it, just the requirement to LIVE in it every day.

      • MikeofAges

        Depends. Michael Moore would do just fine in a place like East San Jose. Dressed in thrift store clothing and forced to ride the bus, he’d look like an middle aged white guy for the neighborhood. Others wouldn’t do so well.

    • Groovy

      Check out celibrity Net worth. Why is she worth 15 million?

  • Lewis33

    This is one of the reasons that diversity is forced onto white neighborhoods, that is to keep everybody in their little box’s and not join together and discuss their cities being dragged down by the black undertow. Like that silly study about how bowling makes people racist, can’t have whites getting together and doing anything in their own communities anymore. Now have your groceries delivered to your house, watch the NFL and mind what you say yt!

    • freddy_hills

      Think about the following when HUD is putting housing projects in white communities and ONLY white communities.

      “The trend we’ve seen is for predominantly white tracts to become more
      racially diverse,” Wright said. “We’ve also seen an increase in the
      number of tracts that are Latino-dominated and un-diverse, and a greater
      count of Asian-dominated tracts that are un-diverse.

      www DOT usnews DOT com/news/blogs/at-the-edge/2012/07/24/study-of-census-data-finds-a-segregated-america-especially-for-blacks

  • Triarius

    What’s the next billion dollar study going to conclude? Blacks commit more crime?

    • MekongDelta69

      If you give me two billion dollars, I will gladly initiate that study AND build you a socialized medicine website which will NEVER work.

      Sound like a plan?!

      • Triarius

        Deal! On the grounds that you sub-contract it to most of your friends and that the work is done by a workforce no more than 3% white male.

        Since I want it not to work I have a feeling the diverse (unqualified) workforce will be perfectly capable of getting the job done.

        The 3% white males are only there to put the blame on someone. It’s somehow racist to hold monorities accountable for their own work.

        • MekongDelta69

          3% is waaaaay too high a percentage. I’m going to go with 1% of straight, white males, and I’m going to keep them in the mailroom, to make sure none of them ever touches a line of code.

          Remember – that 2 billion dollars is only an estimate. And, as you know, ALL government run programs are required to come in at way over cost, late, and be able to run no better or organized than a one-car parade.

          There’s also a 50% diversity-surcharge I (conveniently) forgot to mention, so you’re going to have to fork over at least three billion dollars (just for starters)…

      • freddy_hills

        I’ve got an even better idea. I’ll pay you with tax dollars and you can give me a ‘kick back’.

  • bigone4u

    The model explains what we already knew. More importantly, it explains why the lefties are pulling out every stop to miscegnate the white race out of existence. Only when there is one complexion, brown (think Eva Longoria), will their sick nightmare be realized. Whites must avoid miscegation with all other ethnic groups and shun miscegnators.

    • watling

      If we’re all brown then won’t there be less diversity?

  • Sure, they may be simulations and not necessarily representative of reality.

    But they just so happen to line up with my assessment of reality, and with most people’s assessment of reality.

    BTW, don’t these personal network density charts remind you of the ObamaDontCare bureaucratic organization flowcharts?

  • MekongDelta69

    The more diverse or integrated a neighborhood is, the less socially cohesive it becomes.” – by sociologist Zachary Neal and psychologist Jennifer Watling Neal

    And yet – ANOTHER useless ‘study’ by leftist ‘academicians.’

    Isn’t it great to be in a business where somebody PAYS you to conduct a ‘study’ about things which everybody in the ENTIRE world has known forever?!

    • Franklin_Ryckaert

      That illustrates the separation from reality of these people. Reality is a “paradox” to them, but only because they live in a fantasy world.

      The more people have in common the better they can form a community ; the less they have in common the worse they can form a community. Even a child can understand that, but they needed an expensive study to come to this obvious conclusion. The good news is that even retarded liberals sometimes can discover reality.

    • Erasmus

      This reminds me of how once at lunch one of the guys in our research department read out load from the newspaper that a $500,000 Harvard study had concluded that men lie to have sex. Of course all the guys spoke up and said they could have told everyone that for a mere $50,000. The women only blushed.

      Needless to say, this happened in the “bad old days”. No guy could read a headline like that out loud today without being sued for sexual harassment or fired for creating a hostile work environment.

  • JohnEngelman

    The study, by sociologist Zachary Neal and psychologist Jennifer Watling Neal, both of Michigan State University…

    Their models focus on the emergence of the “community-diversity dialectic” based on two simple principles: homophily–the tendency of people to bond with others like themselves–and proximity–the tendency of people to bond with those nearby.

    – Richard Florida, The Atlantic Cities, November 19, 2013

    If I understand this correctly, Zachary Neil and Jennifer Watling Neil are building a theory on a hypothetical model devoid of actual human examples.

    Their hypothesis may be true. Nevertheless, they should have drawn their data from actual neighborhoods with real people living in them.

    • There’s another contradiction.

      We’re warned not to use abstract computer models on such real world complex scenarios like human settlements, but we are told to have total faith in abstract computer models on such real world complex scenarios like the future predictions of our climate.

      • JohnEngelman

        The behavior of inanimate objects is more predictable than the behavior of human beings.

      • Franklin_Ryckaert

        Global Warming was a fraud right from the beginning. Small wonder they used computer models to cheat us. Now that it is undeniable that the climate is getting colder instead they passed to using the term “Climate Change” and to save their scam they are now speculating were the “hidden warmth” may be found (I kid you not !).

        • JohnEngelman

          Man made global warming presents the right with the same existential crisis the reality and importance of IQ differences between individuals and average differences between races presents the left.

          Each of these scientific realities interferes with fundamental political goals.

          IQ differences mean that poverty and racial inequality cannot be ended without making permanent subsidies to those who are poorly endowed intellectually. These are not politically sustainable. If they were, they would encourage those who are incapable of making valuable contributions to the economy to reproduce themselves.

          Man made global warming means that major restrictions on national sovereignty, economic freedom, and economic growth are necessary in order to avert ecological disasters.

          In each case political ideologues find it easier to ignore the scientific evidence than it is to moderate their goals.

    • LolKatzen

      A different article mentioned that he looked at an earlier study that looked at real data. One would have to read the paper, too bad they’re so expensive.

      EAST LANSING, Mich. — For years, policymakers have attempted to create communities where a diverse group of residents not only live close to one other but also interact freely – in other words, neighborhoods that are both integrated and socially cohesive.

      But that might be a lost cause, a Michigan State University sociologist argues in a new study.

      As reported in the American Journal of Community Psychology, Zachary Neal found that neighborhood integration and cohesion cannot co-exist.

      ….

      Neal said he started the project because past research had failed to turn up a city that is both truly integrated and cohesive – from the United States to the United Kingdom to Asia. But it’s not from lack of effort, he said.

      “It’s not that local leaders and policymakers aren’t trying hard enough,” Neal said. “Rather, we now think it’s because the goals of integration and cohesion are just not compatible with each other.”

      http://www[dot]sciencecodex[dot]com/study_asks_is_a_better_world_possible-123185

      • JohnEngelman

        LolKatzen,

        That is excellent. Thank you for posting that.

    • LolKatzen

      I tried to enter this earlier but forgot about the dots in the URL. They don’t get moderated, they’re just gone, I take it. Out of curiousity, why do they do that? I’m sure there’s a good reason.

  • D.B. Cooper

    Not just diverse neighborhoods, but transient neighborhoods.
    I was fortunate to not have had to grow up in very diverse neighborhoods, but perhaps one of the worst places I lived during my childhood was the base housing of Hamilton Air Force Base in Novato, CA.

    It wasn’t very racially diverse, but the problem was in how long people lived there. There about 30 houses on our street. We only lived there for two years, but by the time we left, 28 of the houses had families that came after we did. The other two houses only had the original families because they had just moved there themselves when we arrived, and they were also due to move away shortly. It never felt like a real neighborhood, and of course, not one family in the entire area was led by a man over 50. A 50 year old in the military, officer or enlisted, is usually a high enough rank to warrant one of the big mansion-like houses.

    The kids, usually the enlisted kids, were often the poorest behaved in school, and were either bullies or engaged in self destructive behavior. Very little good comes of making your kids change schools every other year.

    • pcmustgo

      Well, yeah, they’ve done studies on military kids , military brats, who “have no home town” and apparently it messes with them.

      NYC is also full of transients, Most (midwestern) hipster transplants are here on a “5 year plan”… make it big in NYC, then return home.

      • Erasmus

        When you have fathers deployed, sometimes for years at a time, expect juvenile delinquency.

        I grew up in a military family, but my mother, God bless her, was strong-willed, independent-minded and strict, and although we sometimes chafed under her aegis when my father was gone, I now recognize she acted with our long term interests at heart and did a very good job raising us.

  • no one wants it. well, maybe white libs that is. All the White people I talk to prefer to live around their own kind. Diversity is perversity like someone once said.

  • So CAL Snowman

    I like how they call this result a paradox. This result is only a “paradox” if you are a brain dead liberal that drinks the establishment kool aid from the “diversity is our greatest strength” fountain. Once again the left shows its intellectual weakness by misusing the term paradox. The result that diverse communities lower social capital and trust is an OBVIOUS outcome, not a paradoxical one.

    • shawnmer

      It’s equal parts sad and amusing to watch this “drip, drip, drip” of studies and news stories on these outcomes that are held up as complex mysteries, but which could have been predicted by simply having an American Renaissance-type philosophy. Namely that race matters! And it matters in ways that lead to repeatable, predictable patterns.

      But no, we’re doomed to forever read news stories that remain flummoxed at why it is schools perform at different levels, why groups are incarcerated at different rates, engage in illegitimate parenthood and welfare dependency at different rates, don’t get along or befriend one another in large numbers, etc. After all, how can all this be the case if all groups are innately equal, everyone is a product of blank slate equality, “diversity is a strength,” and there’s no problem that can’t be solved with another govt program?? We know those vile “racists” don’t have point, so boy, what a conundrum!

      • So CAL Snowman

        It’s really a race to go back to the dark ages. Instead of taking a scientific approach to social and racial problems, the establishment left relies on a heavily faith based alternative. Then on top of that you have the liberals screaming “evolution” from the top of the mountain, but when it comes to race suddenly evolution just stopped.

        • shawnmer

          Re: the evolution point, I can’t tell you how many times I’ve stumped egalitarians online when they bring up this canard about “we are 99% the same,” we all have the same evolutionary ancestor hence race isn’t meaningful, and so on. Simply ask the person, “Is there a difference between dogs and wolves?”. They always say yes. The retort is then, “Well how can that be? Dogs and wolves both have the same evolutionary ancestor! Didn’t you just say racial differences cannot exist for the exact same reason?”

          • ms_anthro

            It’s always fun to ask them why traits like intelligence and aggression are subject to the pressure of natural selection in every other living creature, but curiously immune to it in humans. The silence on that point is deafening.

            Blank slatism doesn’t mesh with observable reality, so they shout you down or just ignore the obvious contradictions. People who are so totally wrong about something in which they’re heavily invested (emotionally and otherwise) tend to double down on their wrong ideas when challenged instead of thinking critically. The thought that they might have failed so immensely is too painful, so they shoot the messenger and attack the evidence as morally wrong, if not untrue.

          • Bon, From the Land of Babble

            Careful, comrade, bringing up topics like racial differences in “intelligence” and “aggression,” and deviating from cultural dogma and orthodoxy will get you sent to a re- education camp, pronto.

            Now, calm down and go listen to a few Gregorian Chants.

          • bigone4u

            Humans are 98.6 percent the same as chimps. We are also nearly the same as dogs, sharing 75 percent or more of DNA. Anyway, I’ll have to remember your little trick question. It’s a good one.

          • Bantu_Education

            I think dogs and humans are much closer than 75% – I’ve heard than mice and humans share 90%. If this is correct then, intuitively, it might be 95% or more. Does anyone know?

          • A housefly is probably 75% related.

          • So CAL Snowman

            I like that. Another one I’ve come up with is the difference between Bengal tigers and Siberian tigers. They are both tigers, but clearly they are not equal.

        • ThomasER916

          The problem with your state is the Dark Ages weren’t that bad at all. They were only “Dark” in the sense that Europe wasn’t as organized as before. Considering the pathetic state of the entire world it was still the best thing out there.

          Of course, there’s always a d!ckless, brainless, know-nothing Cultural Marxist who will blather on endlessly about Muslim Math or Inventions and Chinese Dynasties because facts like these are ringing bells to Pavlov’s Dog.

          Written Music? Europe’s Dark Ages.
          Modern Calendar? Europe’s Dark Ages.
          First person narratives? Europe’s Dark Ages.
          Gothic Architecture? Europe’s Dark Ages.
          Stained Glass Windows? Europe’s Dark Ages.

          This list of great achievements would and has filled volumes. To the white, European Christian the “Dark Ages” was only “Dark” because we understood who we were. Now it’s “Dark” because everyone is dim.

        • WR_the_realist

          Where I differ from the lefties is that I acknowledge the reality of evolution and don’t see humans or human brains as some sort of exception to it.

      • sbuffalonative

        I read an editorial in the Buffalo News titled, Achieving Diversity. Essentially it said, ‘we all KNOW diversity is wonderful and a noble goal. We have to continue to everything the ensure programs promoting diversity continue’.

        These people KNOW multiculturalism is failing but they can’t abandon their need to believe that if we just work hard enough and have the right initiatives everyone can learn to love everyone.

        • Erasmus

          With the leftists’ faith in diversity despite all the evidence that shows it doesn’t work, these people are the 21st century’s flat-earthers.

          • WR_the_realist

            But they’re doing more damage than the flat earthers ever could. So long as you never hire a flat earther as your navigator he’s not likely to cause much harm.

      • Non Humans

        I dont mind the news stories about the common sense studies conducted by the libtards. They expect one result, and to be able to use it against the non-libtarded, and it nearly always ends up being the opposite of what they expect.
        .
        Bit by bit, the libtards make our case for us, scientifically and with reliably reproduceable results.

        • Anna Tree

          Great post Non Human, exactly! I am reading the comments, and everybody is a bit angry at this study, calling it useless etc, but I am kind of happy, not only it goes on the news but we can reference to it now.

    • Erasmus

      “Once again the left shows its intellectual weakness by misusing the term paradox.”

      Remember what Bismarck said: “If you’re not a socialist when you’re twenty, you have no heart. If you are a socialist when you’re thirty, you have no brain.”

      • Franklin_Ryckaert

        He saw it as a problem of maturity, but not all people mature at the same pace. Hence some people never were socialist and some people never become conservative.

      • Bantu_Education

        An excellent quote, first time I’ve heard it attributed to Bismarck though – its usually considered to be one of Churchill’s, although I don’t think he was the first.

  • kjh64

    It’s just common sense that multiculturalism and multiracial societies don’t work nearly as well as racially and culturally homogenous societies. The more diverse a place becomes, the more tribal and balkanized it becomes. The more tension and discord you have as different races and religions and cultures collide.

    • JDInSanD

      Good that you mention the word balkanized. I always use the example of Yugoslavia. It was 99% White but yet it broke up into 8 different countries based on ethnic group and religion. Czechoslovakia? Same thing.

      When the Soviet Union broke up did someone just get out a ruler and draw some square countries in? Nope, it broke up according to the same old ethnic and religious groups it started with and look at the results when the Chechens didn’t get their own country.

      Belgium and Quebec are next in line for less diversity and for the most part all of the above countries never even suffered from or factored in the drain from the diversity of blacks, arabs, muslims, mestizos or asians.

  • Hunter Morrow

    Gah, these technocrats would have called like roosters at dawn if the data backed them up.

    It’d be front page news on every major paper and every t.v. news program would run with…

    “Computers Scientifically Prove The Strength of Diversity 20 Million Times!”

    But now that computer models have shown what sociologists have known yet
    suppressed for decades, that “diversity” causes lower levels of trust, lower levels
    of community involvement, more hatred and racism towards other groups and isolation
    and social segregation against “others” and a whole host of sundry evils that I don’t have the time nor the allotted words to type…

    “But, of course, this is the result of computer simulations of reality, not reality itself. Our identities, social relationships and actual neighborhoods are far more complex than simulations can get at. {snip}”

    Who are you gonna believe? Every study of community cohesion and 20 million computer simulations or me? “Diversity is our greatest strength, even though we’ve never even been able to demonstrate one desirable outcome from it and know tons of undesirable outcomes of diversity.”

  • Brian

    I love the use of the word “paradox” here, as if this result seems to violate some fundamental physical law of the universe, like a time travel thought experiment or something.

    I’ve never seen the slightest shred of evidence that the phenomenon liberals call “diversity” has any significant positive outcomes, and god knows I’ve been waiting for some leftist to come along and prove it, or at least try to explain their reasoning beyond bleating about racism.

    Just goes to show how much of a religious article of faith “diversity” is for these people. It isn’t a paradox, it’s a religious mystery, like transubstantiation or something.

    • sbuffalonative

      I thought the same thing. Why do they see it as a paradox? The reason is they believe multiculturalism is nature, normal, desirable and everyone agrees with them. They can’t (and refuse to) believe their theories of multiculturalism are wrong.

    • WR_the_realist

      I’m a religious skeptic. But in all fairness to Christians, there is more evidence for the divinity of Christ than there is for the benefits of diversity. Diversity is simply a religion for leftists, and a particularly kooky one at that.

  • WASP

    So those bad ole segregationists were right after all.

    • Franklin_Ryckaert

      Yep, henceforth social studies should be done by the KKK. Much cheaper and direct realistic results.

    • Sensitivity Training

      You know it really is good if liberals hate it.

  • Chris

    This is not news. Several authors have covered this in years past. Besides, it doesn’t matter to the powers that be. They could care less if there is cohesion. Its about breaking up white communities, the consequences be damned.

  • Spartacus

    “Diversity, we like to think, is both a social good and, as I’ve argued, a spur to innovation and economic growth.”

    ———————————————————————————————————————

  • tlk244182

    As at least one person has already noted, liberalism is a mental disorder, one of the symptoms of which is difficulty distinguishing among fantasies, party dogma, and reality.

  • Anon

    More pseudoscience designed to raise red herring issues. These phony, pie in the sky, purely theory driven nonsense abuses of science exist to create red herring issues. They rest on the assumptions that “diversity” is 1) possible, 2) desirable and 3) at the very least provide an altruistic positive for someone despite the drawbacks.

    None of these things rests in the realm of the theoretical. Instead, one can (and SHOULD) observe what happens in actual practice…..even when police state force is used to try and make it work.

    Any census map of the US shows, despite generations now of actual military violence being used to force integration, it has failed. People of different races, except perhaps in ones and twos, simply will not live together, even at the point of a gun. Diversity does not exist. Put ten people in a room and the people of the most numerous race will stay in the room and all the other races will flee, preferably out separate doors. Lock the doors and the fights will start. But that is only analogy. Direct measurable reality is, everywhere in the US, despite it literally being the law of the land that you can live where you wish and people with guns will come and force others to comply if they disagree, every single neighborhood with more than one race living there will separate out with STRICT borders down to the street level. On one side of the street lives one race, on the other side lives another and lots of violence happens at the border.

    And it’s no different anywhere else, even in prison where armed guards point guns at peoples’ heads and tell them where and when to eat, sleep etc. Mix the races and a riot ensues. Pass a law to mandate it and, on the QT, the authorities will pretend….but less they forget, another riot will quickly remind them.

    Diversity is measured in minutes and hours, not generations. It doesn’t exist and war is the inevitable result of trying to make it exist.

    Which is why you need a “computer generated model” to examine the non-existent phenomena. No actual cases exist in reality to observe. The point of the model and the study is to avoid mentioning that fact. The very title of the work is designed to prevent notice of this fact. The journal its printed in is dedicated toward ignoring this simple, easily observed fact.

    Diversity isn’t just problematic. It’s fantasy. No different than studying the habits and psychology of fairies and the effect magic, dreams and pixie dust have on their society.

    • Sick of it

      Fairies, magic, and pixie dust are more rational ideas than diversity, considering human history.

  • Lord_Steven_Regal

    I love how “intellectuals” create charts and graphs and write lengthy dissertations to argue a point that even the greatest simpleton deep down knows is true, and just a few short generations ago was universally accepted as common knowledge.

    • Brian

      Still, I’m glad they did this– it gives us ammunition, from them, to use against them.

    • Franklin_Ryckaert

      They are practising the science of obviousology, results always predictable!

  • Puggg

    The moral of the story is that both hypothetical and real people don’t want diversity.

    It’s a shame. Imagine all the restaurants they’re missing out on.

  • guest

    “The more diverse or integrated a neighborhood is, the less socially cohesive it becomes.”

    How long did it take for this self-proclaimed “expert” to figure out no one cares for diversity? And despite what he has been taught by the anti-white academia and MSM, it’s not just white people that dislike it, but non-white people don’t like it either. If diversity was “both a social good” and, as this fool has argued, “a spur to innovation and economic growth”, people would naturally want it and accept it on their own free will. But they don’t because those that don’t want it are not fooled by these lies, and so we have diversity elitists trying to enforce it on everyone.

    “But to what degree is this goal of diverse, cohesive community attainable?”

    In your dreams.

  • DaveMed

    While the results of this study are common-sense, it is pleasing to have studies to back up one’s position.

    Such is the world we inhabit. Perhaps, given a decade or two, we will need to publish papers to demonstrate that children, in fact, like candy.

    • Sick of it

      We’re already to the point where one needs to prove to these idiots that corporal punishment works a lot better than time outs! My sister tried that and boy did she ever regret it.

      • freddy_hills

        There’s been studies showing that stress and ‘physical abuse’ (especially in early childhood) affect the amygdala making people more conservative. Apparently, it makes the amygdala grow and people become more sensitive to dangers. Spare the rod and spoil the child.

        • Sick of it

          I can see that with proper discipline, but many abused children grow up to be liberals. They rebel against everything the abuser stood for (even if it was a facade).

          • freddy_hills

            You’re right. I’ve seen that. I think it depends on the individuals genetics in combination with the environment. A strict but loving parent is different from an abusive and hateful parent.

          • Sick of it

            “And, ye fathers, provoke not your children to wrath: but bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord.” Ephesians 6:4

        • Andy

          I suspect that study was intended to show that conservatism was a mental illness, and that the definition of “physical abuse” was quite broad.

          • freddy_hills

            Pardon the long post. 🙂

            Psychology is probably the most left wing professions there is. So I don’t doubt that was the intent. I’ve even heard left wingers spin it to that affect i.e. conservatism is a mental disorder resulting from child abuse, blah blah blah. But it’s fairly well established that there are differences in the size of amygdala between liberals and conservatives and that fear, stress, etc play a role (as well as genetics). Twin studies suggest it’s about 50-60% genetic.

            I personally don’t see a healthy fear being any more of a mental disorder than a healthy pain reaction. They both evolved for a reason. There’s a horrible disease called analgesia where people can’t feel pain. It’s so bad they don’t realize when they’re being injured. Many sufferers end up losing their fingers and toes and even chewing their tongues off because they can’t feel it. Liberals mock conservatives for being “driven by fear”. Indeed, irrational fears can be a problem. But an irrational lack of fear can cause people to do self-destructive things. A healthy fear alerts you to danger the same as pain alerts you to injury.

    • Franklin_Ryckaert

      Another “paradox”.

  • KingKenton

    But, of course, this is the result of computer simulations of reality, not reality itself. Our identities, social relationships and actual neighborhoods are far more complex than simulations can get at.

    Didn’t Robert Putnam of Harvard do a study of real-world people and find that social capital is at its least when diversity is at its greatest?

    Robert Putnam: Diversity Is Our Destruction
    By Patrick J. Buchanan on August 9, 2007 at 12:00am

    www DOT vdare DOT com/articles/robert-putnam-diversity-is-our-destruction

  • The Final Solution

    Incredibly obvious findings. Diversity IS the opposite of community. Saying diversity is a strength is like saying the sun is round because the grass is green. It’s just nonsensical.

  • ThomasER916

    I wonder why Amren never covered the recent study on Iceland’s society. They’re a single race, single ethnicity, and single culture. They’re white and European. They were also the only Western Nation that didn’t get a shipload of Jews, which is why they have NO Diversity dilemma unlike Sweden or Norway.

    That’s the problem with Amren. They always fail to name ALL of the problems.

    • IstvanIN

      Not true, they have been eagerly importing Muslims because they saw how well it has worked for Sweden, Norway, the UK, Serbia, etc.

      • Bon, From the Land of Babble

        Sweden, Norway, the UK, Serbia, etc.

        Get your country multicultural, they said, it will be fun, they said…

        (disguised as what it really is…Genocide of the White Race).

        Smash Cultural Marxism.

        • ThomasER916

          If you notice Amren deletes the Truth about The Tribe.

          This is supposed to be an information site but they have no interest in naming all of the culprits.

    • The Final Solution

      What study was that?

      • ThomasER916

        If you notice Amren deletes the Truth about The Tribe.

        This is supposed to be an information site but they have no interest in letting the word get out.

  • ThomasER916

    Saying Diversity is Community is like saying Family is Automobile Traffic.

    A bunch of people stuck in the same spot doesn’t make a Community.

  • MBlanc46

    A paradox? To whom is this a paradox? A dogmatic multiculturalist maybe. But this won’t be a surprise to ordinary people, especially those who’ve lived in diverse neighborhoods.

    • Ella

      Especially when the police use the backyard for drug raids, the neighbour will not forget this incident.

  • Alexandra1973

    Diversity is divisive.

    • freddy_hills

      You stole my line. I say that all the time.

      • Alexandra1973

        Haha, I guess great minds think alike. 🙂

    • Bon, From the Land of Babble

      Diversity is DIEversity.

      • robinbishop34

        Yep. Funny how so many white people believe suicide is a strength.

      • Zaporizhian Sich

        It is also fomenting conflicts between people who otherwise might never had had any reason to fight each other.

        • Sick of it

          After the fall of the Barbary pirates, what reason would we Americans have had to interact with the muslim world, prior to the formation of a certain nation that we obey like slaves? At most, we may have traded for oil. We have no stake in the Middle East, no reason to be there.

      • Sensitivity Training

        Whites are obligated to get out of the way, by any means necessary.

    • sbuffalonative

      Mistrust, incrimination, accusations, conflict, then outright violence.

  • KingKenton

    Where I’m at, I am one of three white people on the block. All the rest of the 60 or so people on my block are Asian, jewish (Israeli types), Armenians, Guyanese and a handful of latinos.

    Where do you live, Hell?

    • Beetlejuice

      Sounds like a typical California neighborhood.

    • robinbishop34

      Hell is very diverse.

      • Federal prison is diverse, but I didn’t think this was a very good thing. I will certainly never deliberately do anything to be sent back.

    • Erasmus

      Hell sounds like a step up.

    • dean53

      Sounds like a neighborhood I once lived in, in Alief in southwest Houston, TX. Very heavily foreign-born immigrant parents. Exact same behavior by the kids. Asians never played outside. Very isolated. Almost no interaction between neighbors because there were very few neighbors that were of the same race/heritage. Even though we were surrounded by “people” we might as well have been living in a cabin in the woods — which would have been preferable.

      • Martel

        Asian kids are studying, hence they are inside.The only reason they even come outperform us on IQ tests these days is our dying culture. We have the Engelman syndrome to thank for this.

  • cecilhenry

    ‘ON a more positive note’…. maybe everything in the article we just referenced can be ignored because we don’t like or respect reality.

    Liberals always try to manipulate other people’s reality and wishes.

  • Whirlwinder

    So somebody got a PHD for showing that diverse cultures, when put together, are not compatible. Education is going downhill and the socialists are still fools.

  • lessthantolerant

    What a surprise! Who wants to live next door to Parasite Nation followers?

  • humura

    The results seem to show that the title of the article is incorrect – a diverse community is an oxymoron. If it is diverse, it is not a community; if it is a community, it is not diverse.

  • Bon, From the Land of Babble

    This was tried in the old Soviet Union.

    The evil empire flooded Estonia, Latvia and other Soviet satellites with foreign people in the hopes of quashing nationalism and creating a single, easy-to-control, conquered proletariat, a “New Soviet Man.”

    How did that turn out?

    After the Kremlin fell, parts of Eastern Europe blew up as the various tribes sought to settle scores, procure living space for their people and expel those not of their ethnic/religious/racial group.

    By the year 2000 – a mere 10-year stretch of the new era of peace and brotherly love – more than 100 wars broke out and more than 5 million people were killed.

    Human nature is immutable, such that people prefer to live around their own and no amount of social engineering will never ever change this.

    • Zaporizhian Sich

      Indeed, and there is still a great deal of inter-ethnic conflict there. The demonic masterminds of this effort to crush nationalism knew full well that armed conflict will be the result, I can only conclude their goal was genocide against the native populations in their own rightful homelands. They are repeating the same atrocities in the rest of the West, only this time with far more hostile immigrants who are neither wanted nor welcomed by the local people.

  • Fighting_Northern_Spirit

    This is exactly what I was going to write, if no one beat me to it. I’m at a loss as to how anyone could consider this a paradox. It’s just what you’d expect from diversity. It’s like saying wetness is a paradox of water.

    • Franklin_Ryckaert

      Reality is a “paradox” of dogma.

      • I liked that so much I wrote it down in my journal just now. I would prefer to include your own real name with that. I like to properly attribute these things when I use them later on.

        • Franklin_Ryckaert

          Well, my real name is Franklin de Rijke, but Ryckaert is the ancient form of my family name, which I discovered while doing some genealogical research. I prefer to use that on the Internet.

  • Pelagian

    New Urbanist: “Take away my diversity, where am I going to get my Baba ghanoush, wah!!”

  • Ella

    These psychologists and sociologists already know the truth both from research and common sense. However, they still push for multikult ignoring the ethnic preference for one’s own kind. People like what is familiar to them, and no social engineer can change that choice! Their angle is to “blend” us through miscegenation, not just a diversified neighbourhood.

  • WR_the_realist

    Why is this result even called a “paradox”? It should have been bloody obvious from the start. The only surprising thing is that academics like the author still believe that “diversity is a social good … and a spur to innovation and economic growth.” What evidence is there for this? America was plenty innovative when it was 90% white. Japan is plenty innovative today. And even where diversity “works” it is very selective — Silicon Valley has a mix of white and Asian entrepreneurs and engineers, but blacks and gypsies play no appreciable role and Hispanics mainly clean up the offices after hours and do the landscaping for the office parks.

  • MikeofAges

    Cohesiveness and a strong sense of community may equate to scrutiny and social pressure. Intergenerational scrutiny from within or outside of the extended family may equate to a strong superego function. Peer pressure can represent a strong pressure to conform to norms related to family formation and starting a career. The presence en masse of an older generation, actual parents and the parents’ peers, may equate to a strong paternal authority and a concomitant strong and supporting maternal authority. Aren’t these all of the things rootless youth are trying to escape from the sway of? No wonder they embrace diversity and just about anything else that protects them from the influence and judgement of the traditional community structure. Interesting, too isn’t it, that both minority and white youth equate the things associated with the traditional community to the detested “white” community even though they historically in America were never limited to the white community only?

  • Franklin_Ryckaert

    Yes, the implications might be suspiciously “racist”.

  • This is what I have been saying all along, on this site and many other websites, for years now.

    Diversity is strength….for the corporations and zillionaires…because diversity brings more faction, meaning less unity among the populace, meaning the populace cannot control the government as well as before.

    Diversity is weakness…for the white majority.

    Diversity means less unity, which means the voters share fewer common interests, which means they are less able to elect and hold accountable political representatives, politicians.

    Which means the politicians elected from diverse, faction-ridden districts are less accountable to the voters.

    That means that the corporations are better able to control these politicians.

    More nonwhites means less unity, which means the corporations are better able to control the politicians.

    Flooding white nations with nonwhite immigrants is how the corporations are increasing their control of western nations.

    Also, the larger the nation, the more factions, and the less control the people have over the government because more factions means less unity.

    This is why the founding aristocrats discarded the articles of confederation and consolidated the several states into the USA–they wanted more factions, less unity so the wealthy founders could have more control.

    Same reason the wealthy and their corporations created the EU–larger, more factions, more control for those at the top.

    • Sensitivity Training

      I haven’t heard Trayvon Martin’s name all day long. Am I doing something wrong? Am I an obstacle to social justice? Is my White privilege running amok?

  • Whirlwinder

    The socialists are dumb like a fox. Diverse cultures that live side by side is a recipe for total war among the groups. Multiculturalism is a mask that the socialists preach that gives time for the weak culture to gain strength so that it can overpower the strong culture and ultimately dominate. Thus, Islam is in America to conquer and we Americans are being fed the bs that multiculti and diversity strengthen our culture. So far, Islam and the socialists are winning.

  • Sick of it

    If look at the demographics of the world population, we are not the folks filling up the world. We are also not the folks who commit most violent crimes. We ARE the folks who develop things that make life better.

    • Zaporizhian Sich

      That is why our race was marked for death by The Tribe. In doing that, we are the number one obstacle to the unchallenged global hegemony they are pursuing without regard for the death and suffering that has caused and will cause.

  • Franklin_Ryckaert

    Simply call it “morals”.

  • Franklin_Ryckaert

    He didn’t study the scientific evidence. He only reasons on analogy.

  • Franklin_Ryckaert

    Wolves, dogs, foxes and hyenas only behave differently because they live under different circumstances. Let them live under the same circumstances and they all would behave the same. That would be the “correct” opinion on this matter. Now let such people teach “biology” at the universty!

  • MikeofAges

    I have lived in the specific community I mentioned. In the downtown and East San Jose area, a guy like Moore would blend right in. The area is predominantly Hispanic, with a large contingent of halfway cases, a residue of bikers and white ex-offenders, disabled veterans and just plain burnouts. Moore would be treated as a older disability case, and ignored. But that is one community. I grew up on the South Side of Chicago though. I know the issues you are talking about.

  • Kit Ingoldby

    Diversity and cohesiveness are antonyms.

    One implies differences, the other implies similarities.

    And the left is only just now realising this?

    • The left simply uses “diversity” as a code-word for white dispossession.

      • Sensitivity Training

        “Diversity” means “hate Whitey.”

        • Jack Burton

          Hey, you need to change your avatar. No one wants to look at an ugly ‘groid every time you post. Have some common sense.

    • Sensitivity Training

      To the credit of all the Orientals who swarm my neighborhood, I NEVER see them with blacks. Orientals are clearly superior to White girls.

  • Sensitivity Training

    All my Diversity Encounters today reminded me of how much I miss Whites Only Jim Crow.

    If I were a self hating masochist who is addicted to pain and humiliation, I’d feel enriched.

    • Jack Burton

      It’s amazingly disgusting how fast things have changed, completely flipped.

      In the South during Jim Crow if a black male even looked at a White female wrong he would be cursed, beaten and maybe even be put in jail. For rape, it was the death penalty by law or lynching.

      Now the apes are running wild and Whites are defending them. That’s Yankee and Jewish culture for you. Google Scottsboro Boys.

      • Sensitivity Training

        By hook or by crook, Barak Hussein Obama was elected TWICE after 9/11.

        We’ve had our third American Revolution and lost.

        • Zaporizhian Sich

          That is why the fourth one will be won by us. One way or another, no matter of many of our enemies will have to die and cities razed we will achieve that.

      • Sensitivity Training

        The J words paid one of the White victims to change her story.

        The other better White victim couldn’t be bought, because getting raped by a gang of violent (typically Diverse) blacks gave her the enlightenment she needed to see the J word money attack on Gentile womanhood for what it was: Hatred of Christ.

  • Jack Burton

    Most people keep to themselves, and although I am usually more friendly with Whites, that doesn’t necessarily mean I have anything to do with them. Whites are just allowed to cross that boundary if I like them, non-Whites are not. Sure, I’ll wave, I may chat with them at a distance, but there’s an unspoken agreement there. Sometimes they have to be reminded, but for the most part they get it.

  • “But to what degree is this goal of diverse, cohesive community attainable, even in theory?”

    Diversity is, of course, the opposite of unity.

    • Sensitivity Training

      “Diversity is, of course, the opposite of unity.”

      Only a White privilege hate criminal would say that.

  • Jack Burton

    Well, it started with bringing in Southern and Eastern Europeans. We had interethnic conflicts before interracial ones. We’re now being colonized by the scum of the earth so of course crime increases, living standards decrease, and now we need gated communities and a police state to keep everything semi-functional.

  • Sue

    Putting diversity and segregation together–you could have a metro that is cohesive and diverse, but it would also need to be highly segregated.” Best Orwell I’ve seen today.

  • Bantu_Education

    Nasser began it when he nationalised the Suez Canal. Eisenhower compounded the problem by kow-towing to Soviet threats and not only refused to support the British attempt to retake the Canal in 1956 but actually threatened Britain with dire consequences if they didn’t withdraw their forces which had already achieved 90% of their objectives. When in 1969 Libya under Gaddafy was allowed to get away with nationalising (stealing) his western-owned oil industry, the Shah of Iran got greedy and did the same. If only the West had had the courage and conviction we had before WW1, none of this present mess would have happened.

  • Chris Granzow XI

    “..upscale and diverse..”
    I call b.s. Everyone who says that lives in a wealthy side of town with whites and east asians and has like 2 black people every block. Move to Oakland or Chicago, that is real diversity.

  • LIBERTYSINCURSION

    Once again asinine intellectuals spend a bunch of money on a study in order to discover the obvious. That diversity is anything but a strength, and in fact, it is a down right weakness.

  • The earth’s climate is not and never has been completely stable. It also hasn’t been catastrophically unstable during the period of land life (but google “snowball earth” or look it up on Wikipedia). The climate may be warming, but the nonsense about human-generated CO2 is just that: nonsense. The residence time of CO2 in the atmosphere is very short, because CO2 dissolves readily in water, so it rains out.

    The same Cultural Marxists who want to obtain control of our various national economies in the name of “social justice” now also insist on doing the same in the pretense of “saving the world”.

    I have never heard one of the “anthropogenic global warming” conspiracy kooks ever once suggest that India and China should stop burning as much coal as they currently do.

  • Willowville

    Income is the determining factor of cohesiveness.

  • Zaporizhian Sich

    Only in complexion, but to me she’s a witch.

  • Zaporizhian Sich

    Thank hostile racial aliens for that. They’ve done a bang up job getting whites to kill each other, who otherwise had they been left alone would have never quarreled with each other. Look at how Poles are regarded in England, or how WASPS treated Slavs and Irishmen like dirt here in America in the past.