Judges Orders Millions Paid in NYC Firefighter Bias Case

Rose Arce, CNN, March 8, 2012

A U.S. district judge ordered New York City to pay $128 million in to firefighters who allege the city used an entrance exam that deliberately sought to keep African-Americans and Latino Americans off the force. The judge also ordered the FDNY to hire 293 black and Latino applicants.


The federal government had sued the city (United States of America and Vulcan Society Inc. vs. City of New York) alleging the city violated the U.S. Constitution and local civil rights laws by using an entrance exam intentionally designed to discriminate based on race.

The lawsuit alleged that the exams had little to do with firefighting and instead focused on cognitive and reading skills. Because of the hereditary nature of the fire department, white candidates were recruited and supported throughout the application process by family or neighborhood contacts and whites consistently passed while minority candidates failed.

“There has been one persistent stain on the Fire Department’s record,” the lawsuit said. “For decades, black and other minority firefighters have been severely underrepresented in the Department’s ranks.

“According to the most recent census data, black residents make up 25.6% of New York City’s population; when this case was filed in 2007, black firefighters accounted for only 3.4% of the Department’s force. In other words, in a city of over eight million people, and out of a force with 8,998 firefighters, there were only 303 black firefighters.


Michael A. Cardozo, New York City’s corporation counsel, disputed the decision. “We believe the court’s latest opinion is erroneous and, in any event, is the first step in a lengthy process. As the court itself noted, any damages the city ultimately must pay will be reduced by the amount each member of the class earned. When all the proceedings have been completed, the damages, if any, that the city will have to pay will be far less than $128 million,” he said.

In court documents, the city said of the judge’s finding of bias: “Under the Court’s faulty analysis, any rational jury would necessarily find that the City deliberately used facially neutral exams to suppress black employment even as it conducted a targeted multi-million-dollar minority recruitment campaign, enlisted Columbia University to study methods of maximizing FDNY diversity, increased the minority composition of its other uniformed services, engaged an expert with a mandate to design an improved exam, and devised a panoply of other devices to diversify the FDNY’s ranks.”


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  • The lawsuit alleged that the exams had little to do with firefighting and instead focused on cognitive and reading skills.

    Sure, because being able to think and read have nothing to do with being a good firefighter.

    • Alexandra1973

      If you can’t read street signs or maps or anything, how would you know where to go?

      Yeah, I can just imagine that someone managed to stealthily create a test that only whites could pass.  Just a conspiracy to keep the black (and Latino) folk down.  Not.

    • Natassia

      Or how to read the instructions on a fire extinguisher…

  • I am quite sure that the written test is part of the firefighter hiring process. There is also a skills portion such as being able to  pull the hose so many feet or carry a dummy that weighs the same as an average adult. I wonder if blacks and hispanics will complain if they cannot pass this portion of the test.

  • I’m tired of seeing them lump Latinos with blacks in these cases. It’s the blacks and liberals way of  keeping the anti-White atmosphere in this country. That’s how I’m seeing this nonsense.

  • White Death

    They used “facially neutral exams.”  The merit-based tests didn’t discriminate based upon color. What’s really needed is a facially neutral exam for whites to take. A watered down version in Ebonics heavily illustrated with pictographs for blacks, with the answers printed on the back so they can study at home “supported throughout the application process by family.” Hispanics, Latinos, and Chicanos can take an oral exam spoken by Spanglish rap artists.

  • SnowBunnyInfidel

    Yeah, they DELIBERATELY meant to keep black people out, cause they knew that ‘black foks sher caint reed’.

    I’ll tell you one thing they should not be messing with, and that is intelligent and able fire fighters.  I am sorry, but there is more than just pointing and aiming a hose; and I do not want unqualified people in the fire department with my families life in the balance.  Pathetic.

  • SnowBunnyInfidel

    How come percentages and statistics regarding blacks & minorities are so meaningful and representative, until they are the statistics on CRIME; then it’s all YOU CAN’t judge by that; they make those up anyway.

  • sbuffalonative

    Maybe this has just become a scam.
    Maybe blacks are now simply signing up to take these tests and deliberately failing in the hopes of a big payoff.

    • anarchyst

      I doubt if they are deliberately failing . . . the intelligence is just not there.

      • Taking the tests knowing they will fail and end up with a big payday

  • “The lawsuit alleged that the exams had little to do with firefighting and instead focused on cognitive and reading skills. Because of the hereditary nature of the fire department, white candidates were recruited and supported throughout the application process by family or
    neighborhood contacts and whites consistently passed while minority candidates failed.”

    Blazing buildings, lives on the line, who needs cognitive skills? Who needs thinking? Reading, come on now. That is inherently racist non-black Juju and gris gris. Lets ban wheels and basic arithmetic while we are at it because Kunta Kinte couldn’t figure those out, either.

    Oh, and the reason they are using to say that firefighting is racist? HEREDITARY NATURE.

    Yeah. Deoxyribonucleic Acid is the hereditary reason for the White man smoking the “minorities” on these tests. If there are any blacks or browns reading this (doubt it, American Renaissance isn’t
    a pornography or a music video website so the chances of that occurring are about zilch) let me slow that down and spell it out for them. DEEEEE ENNNNNNN AYYYYYYYY.

  • Alexandra1973

    Oh, the old “they’re poor because of racism and don’t have opportunities.”

    My family was poor and I was reading before I entered Head Start.  So that doesn’t fly.

  • I noticed that the story made no mention of ASIANS having trouble passing the tests or being granted special privileges………(dont get me wrong Im NOT pro asian-immigration) 

  •  Until the bravery and physical portion of it starts. Then the 5 foot tall asians and monstrously non-athletic jews get weeded out quick, fast and in a hurry.

    Shortest book in the world: The Almanac of Asian and Jew Hall of Famers

  •  Where did my comment slighting the athletic and physical prowess of asians and jews go?

    I really feel unappreciated here sometimes. I even had the panache to include that all time classic of a joke….

    “What’s the World Shortest Book?”

    “The Almanac of Asian and Jew Hall of Fame Athletes.”

  • Oil Can Harry

    The judge in question, Nicholas Garaufis, is a Bill Clinton appointee. He may just be the most insanely p.c. judge currently serving in the Eastern District of New York, and that’s saying something. 

  • So essentially, this decision has opened the door to hiring hordes of blacks and hispanics as fireman, when they should be washing dishes for a living.

  • Sheer lunacy. I work in a black part of Brooklyn and the FDNY is recruiting constantly. The only racial discrimination they engage in is against whites. You need to have a glimmer of intellect before you rush into a flaming high rise.  Judges in their insane arrogance assume firefighting is work fit for retards and simpletons when in reality they have to do everything from revive someone in cardiac arrest to dealing with flaming sky scrapers.

  • I’m trying to think of real life black heroes (don’t give me athletes, please).  Anyone?

    • Thomas Sowell.  I love him.  Walter E. Williams.  There are good guys, just hard to find.

      • They are, and you are correct.  However, I meant heroic in the derring-do sort of way–like bold and selfless in physically dangerous situations.

  • RonBlack66

    Besides the obvious flaws with this sham of a lawsuit, since the government enjoys immunity from being sued, they should not be able to use the deep pockets of the US treasury and their influence to sue others.

  • Impertinent

    No…not dumb….but stupid. Do blacks really want to accept this “judgement” that only ensures that they are just to damn dumb to qualify? Have they no self respect or confidence?

  • Eagle_Eyed

    This is it.  Even if the tests did not do a good job of screening or deciding who would be a good or bad fireman, why did blacks and latinos do this poorly?  This should be pointed out to everyone who is in favor of affirmative action.

  • WhitesRdumb

    They dumb down the tests so blacks can pass. More whites pass and get higher scores moving blacks further down the list.


    Clearly what’s needed is a test on which the bruthas and the vatos can score as well as the white devils. A sample question might be: “What color is a fire truck? A) Blue; B) Green; C) Red; D) Purple; E) One of the above.” Problem solved.

  • MikeofAges

    Maybe the people who failed the exam failed the exam because they failed the exam. Can’t we accept a little failure too? More to the point, can’t we accept the possibility that some occupations will have more of one group and less of another.

    I doubt if a black mother had a child missing inside a burning building, she would care much whether the firefighter who went in there was Irish or Italian instead of black. What she would most care about is, could that firefighter get her child out alive, and after that, if he could get anyone else in there out alive too.

    If we don’t have representative percentages of everyone everywhere is that always a problem? Sometimes, disparate impact is just plain wack. Not to mention, maybe qualified blacks are choosing to go other directions. Maybe law enforcement. Maybe the military. Maybe non-public safety jobs in the government sector. People make choices as is their right, and maybe not too many who could qualify choose to join the fire department. Has anyone thought about that?

  • MikeofAges

     The real point may be, those minority group members who could pass the exam are not taking it. Perhaps, they are  making other choices and leaving firefighting to someone else.

  • bubo

    Hope white people understand, especially those that like to brag about “marching with King” and other bull in their younger days.  I hope they understand that it isn’t about equal opportunity.  If it ever was, it certainly isn’t anymore.  This is about equal outcome.  Minorities will not be allowed to fail.  The courts will call it racism.  They will bankrupt your business. They will destroy your life. 

    If there isn’t a revolution in this country in the next decade, then it will be too late.  

  • crazy_j

    I am forced to wonder exactly what level of reading comprehension a firefighter really needs. Fourth grade? Eighth grade?

    How hard could that test really have been?

    • I’m still trying to figure out how a passage about killer bees can be prejudiced towards blacks and hispanics.

  • KenelmDigby

    You notice that if any profession or occupation i staffed by a preponderence of any ethnicity that is not White or male, it never is a ‘problem’ for anyone, and passes ‘under the radar’.

  • Detroit_WASP

    When is the judge going to order the NBA to sign more white players????

    When is the Olympic committee going to rule that white runners should get a head start????

  • better_times

    I guess we’ll soon be seeing private fire fighting companies in NYC just like the private ambulance services in Hasidic Jewish neighborhoods.  They refuse to settle for the sub-standard services offered by the city & do things like neighborhood patrols on their own. Blacks are afraid of them for good reason – the Jews aren’t afraid to die.  Italians also are able to deal with this kind of government corruption of their neighborhoods because they’re willing to go to jail in defending their turf.  Both these groups have huge group loyalty & don’t snitch on one another. 

  • Therefore, in other words, this U.S. district judge has confirmed that blacks and hispanics cannot read. I sure hope no black or hispanic is in charge of filing up the air tanks used to go into burning buildings. That would be interesting. Fire trucks come complete with gauges, monitors and other instruments relied upon to fight fires. I am assuming one would have to have the ability to read and deduce what they mean when fighting a fire. Nevertheless, according to this judge, this apparently does not matter.

    Promoting diversity is going to get someone killed!

  • The_Bobster

    It takes more than book learning to be a fireman.

  • The_Bobster

    Actually, the comparison is pretty good.

    “Currently, 22% of white births are illegitimate compared to 69% of black births. Among immigrant Latino mothers, 37% of their new babies were illegitimate. But among American-born Latino mothers, the illegitimacy rate rises to 48%.”


    The dropout rate for foreign-born Hispanics (44.2%) is six-times that of foreign-born non-Hispanics—but even U.S.-born first generation Hispanics are more likely to drop out than their non-Hispanic first generation immigrant counterparts.

    More troubling still is the fact that second generation Hispanic youths have higher dropout rates than first generation Hispanics.


    Hispanics who are in the country legally and can get welfare and go on unemployment seem to lose their storied willingness to take any available job. In 2004, for example, Hispanics were about 50 percent more likely to be unemployed than whites,[7] and in the same year, fully half of all Hispanic households used at least one form of welfare, compared to 47 percent of blacks and 18 percent of whites.[8]

  • Alexandra1973

    Of course it is.  But they don’t see it that way, apparently.  Publicly, in their little world, it’s about making sure everything’s fair and equal, because if not for affirmative action, even blacks and Hispanics (Mestizos, whatever) who are qualified won’t get a fair chance.

    People like that need to correct their rectal-cranial inversion.

  • This is why it shouldn’t be easy to press a lawsuit.  They didn’t pass the test and that is that.  Getting an “F” doesn’t have a race attached to it.  I would love it if the NYFD would go on strike.

  •  Oh, there he is.  I knew there had to be one.

  • Bobzilla

    I think the judge’s ruling is great. Give us more, please. This is exactly the type of thing that helps the White Nationalist cause. I’m just sorry that the plaintiffs  didn’t win a trillion dollars and that the city wasn’t ordered to make it’s fire-department at least 75% non-white. Only when things get absurd enough will Whites start to wake up en masse. Remember, think like a revolutionary… Worse is Better.

  • MikeofAges

     Everybody is entitled to trained, competent help. That is the actual purpose of the test, along with all the other standards, to identify people who can be trained and will be competent. I also suspect the minority group members who are qualified for firefighting are just making other choices. Law enforcement. The military. Has anyone investigated this issue?

  • Bon, From the Land of Babble

    the exams focused on cognitive and reading skills.

    Being intelligent is now considered racist.

    intentionally designed to discriminate based on race.

    Blacks in general do not pass these or any other exams at comparable levels to whites.

    This means hiring people who are unqualified through threats of intimidation, litigation and federal decree because skin color is more important than public safety.

    A U.S. district judge ordered New York City to pay $128 million 

    This money is reparations, part of 0bama’s “spreading around some of the wealth.”  It used to be called theft.

    We believe the court’s latest opinion is erroneous.

    As if that’s going to stop a “Wise Latina” Affirmative Action dunce federal judge like sodamayor  from ruling otherwise.

    How about we abandon the LSAT


  • shmo123

    I agree the 138 million is disgusting, but it pales in comparison to the 1 billion (1 BILLION) that black farmers managed to extort from the feds for supposed racist lending practices. That really was stomach turning. There’s so much money, they can’t even find enough black “farmers” to dole it out to.
    I’ll retire to Bedlam.

  • Meanwhile, back at the firestation:

    New Haven Firefighters Settle Claims of Racial Bias

    New York Times, July 28, 2011

    White firefighters who won a race-discrimination case before the Supreme Court in 2009 will receive about $2 million in damages from the City of New Haven, officials said Thursday. The settlement helps end a seven-year-long legal battle that propelled national debate over racial justice.The Supreme Court ruled that officials had violated white firefighters’ civil rights when they threw out the results of promotion tests in 2003 because too few minority applicants did well. After that ruling, the case went back to United States District Court in Connecticut, where the firefighters sought back pay, damages and legal fees.{snip}Lawyers for the city said on Thursday that the firefighters would receive about $2 million total and that the city would pay their lawyers’ fees and costs of about $3 million.{snip}

  • Jesus Christ…….

  • IanJMacDonald

    End result is that they will lower standards for *everyone*, and not just the non-Asian minorities.
    Liberalism is a mental disorder.

  • And you think we haven’t already?

    Is Merit Matters’
    Advocacy Justifying White Supremacist Ideology as FDNY Policy?

    Merit Matters is a
    self-proclaimed advocacy organization established for the sole
    purpose of denying African-Americans, and other non-white ethnic
    groups, a fair chance of employment within the FDNY. Merit Matters
    has chosen to make the issue of FDNY testing a battle cry for their
    group. However, the major problem is the FDNY civil service exams for
    1999 and 2002 were proven to be ineffective at determining which
    applicants would become the best firefighters. The only value those
    exams had were significantly lessening recruitment from non-white
    ethnic groups. This in fact makes the the 1999 and 2002 exams illegal
    under the legal designation of “disparate impact”; which is a
    clear violation of 1964 Civil Rights Act. This was determined by
    Federal EOE broad and also by Federal Judge Garaufis. This
    rulings have not deterred Merit Matters. Deputy Chief Paul Mannix’s
    from engaging in a relentless propaganda campaign against Judge
    Garaufis, the Vulcan Society, and non-white firefighter applicants
    previously refused employment due to the FDNY’s corrupt and
    nepotistic hiring practices. Now the previous statements may seem
    like heavy accusations to those with only a vague familiarity of this
    issue, but I will provide clear evidence as to the legitimacy of
    Merit Matters’ ongoing role in attempting to undermine the necessary
    changes within the FDNY hiring process.

    Merit Matters members’ statements
    clearly shows intolerance towards non-white ethnic groups to the
    extreme extant of suppressing both professionalism and common sense.
    “Firefighters are together in close contact with fellow
    firefighters and supervisors for a far greater percentage of their
    time at work than Police Officers. This reality increases the trust
    and comity required for efficient operations, as well as increasing
    the possibility of tension and conflict with all the negative
    consequences presented by such a situation if incompetent personnel,
    or those who did not earn their position on the merits, are
    introduced.”[1] There is one major flaw in this statement of
    Mr. Mannix; any African-American or Hispanic Firefighter hired as
    apart of the judgment of this lawsuit must attend and successfully
    complete the FDNY firefighter Academy. There’s no way any one not
    cognitively able or physically fit is going to simply be passed
    through the academy and given a job in the FDNY.

    How are Merit Matters’
    members & supporters willing to express outrage over their
    perception of “tension and conflict with all the negative
    consequences” because of these appointments? Are Merit Matters’
    members willing to sabotage or tamper with the gear of priority-hire
    African-American & Hispanic firefighters? Are Merit Matters’
    members willing to alter their response time in the presence of an
    priority-hire African-American or Hispanic Firefighters in order to
    make them appear to be out of sync with their fire company? Are
    Merit Matters’ members willing to allow property on fire to become
    severely damaged, or even completely destroyed to later blame a
    priority-hire African-American or Hispanic firefighter? These are
    legitimate questions based on previous statements from Merit Matters
    about current firefighters’ promise about refusing to work with any
    incoming priority-hire African-American & Hispanic firefighters;
    recruited through the Department of Justice & Vulcan Society
    lawsuit settlement. I share a selection from a objection
    letter sample from FDNY company 28 and 11, based in Manhattan’s Lower
    East Side, for those individuals whom think I’m overreacting and
    asking outrageous questions, or those whom believe such events can’t
    ever happen. “I do not want to work with these applicants because I
    know they have not been held to as high a standard as other members.
    Nothing will do more to foster racial animus in our ranks.”[2]
    Does that statement from FDNY company 28 and 11’s objection letter
    come off as remotely logical? Can someone explain the logic of such a
    statement considering any priority-hire firefighter will still have
    to successfully complete the FDNY Fire Academy. Recognize that quote
    is nothing more than a thinly-veiled threat against any incoming
    priority-hire African-American or Hispanic firefighters. It’s no
    stretch of the imagination to understand how this kind of thinking on
    behalf of Merit Matters’ and their supporters can easily lead to
    unnecessary destruction of property, injuries, and even loss of life.

    The potential loss of
    life due to racial intolerance brings us to the next point of
    “disparate impact”. Mr. Mannix has grossly misrepresented
    “disparate impact” as simply a means of instituting “racial
    quotas”. “Disparate impact” may seem like an abstract legal
    term, but it is actually explains discriminatory behavior that
    happens within the real world. The death of Jamel Sears while at the
    FDNY Fire Academy in 2008 was a result of similar bigoted ideology
    that can be classified under the legal term of “disparate impact”.
    The details of Mr. Sears’ death can be found doing a simple Google
    search, so there’s no need for me to recount the entire horrific
    incident. However, I will focus on the order given by the FDNY
    Academy Instructor ‘not to assist Mr. Sears’; when he requested help
    removing his gear after he collapsed.[3] Would such an order
    been given if Jamel was named Philip, Peter, or Patrick and he looked
    like one of the members of the the FDNY Emerald Society? I’m
    sure it’s also a coincidence the same year the FDNY inducted the
    largest number of non-white ‘probys’ into the Fire Academy at
    Randal’s Island is also the same year the training intensity was
    cranked up to extreme levels, resulting in Mr. Sears Death. Also
    recall two former NYPD officers that killed African Immigrant Amadou
    Diallo were ruled fit to serve within the FDNY, and they would be
    firefighters had not the media reported those former police officers
    appointment.[4] Merit Matters and their supporters are unable
    and unwilling understand the legitimate reasons for legal
    intervention despite these incident and numerous other discriminatory
    events within the FDNY.Merit Matters instead tries to excuse
    the ongoing racial discrimination by having an Asian-American
    Firefighter state to the local media that ethnicity is a non-issue
    within the FDNY.[5] While I won’t argue with Mr. Chan’s
    belief, because he is certainly entitled to them. However, the doors
    of opportunity were opened decades before by African-American
    firefighters and their contributions have continued to open the
    proverbial doors for any and all non-white ethnic groups. We have
    only to answer some very simple questions to verify the previous
    statement. Did the first Asian-American join the FDNY before or after
    the first African-American joined that civil service organization?
    Did the first Asian-American firefighter join the FDNY before or
    after the passage on the 1964 Civil Rights Act?

    The history of
    African-Americans serving as firefighters throughout the United
    States has followed a similar course of events. Beginning with
    outright refusal of employment, grudging acceptance, and finally
    realization that African-Americans & other ethnic groups are just
    as capable members of their fire departments. Today, nationwide
    African-Americans, Hispanics, and other ethnic groups proudly serve
    in major metropolitan fire departments, and their cities have not
    burned to the ground! However, Merit Matters will have the people of
    NYC believe such a ghastly fate awaits NYC; if it’s firefighting
    department becomes diversified. Once again ignoring the simple fact
    any priority-hire firefighter must successfully complete the Fire
    Academy training to become a entry level firefighter![6]
    The FDNY and it’s Fire Academy are both financed by NYC
    taxpayers. Taxpayers whom belong to diverse ethnic groups, including
    African-Americans. Merit Matters and their supporters are perfectly
    satisfied to have African-Americans taxed to finance their salaries,
    but they believe African-American residents of NYC are somehow not
    worthy enough to serve as firefighters. “If minority applicants
    were really discriminated against, then mail them checks. Let the
    taxpayers subsidize this childish game, and let those responsible
    feel their contempt.”[7] The contempt is clear in this
    objection letter, and it’s fueled by both willful ignorance about the
    FDNY long history of employment discrimination targeted towards
    non-whites applicants and also the inflammatory rhetoric continuously
    put forth by Merit Matters. This rhetoric coming from Merit
    Matters isn’t just morally reprehensible but it is also completely
    disingenuous. Mr. Mannix claims his organization is about holding
    the FDNY to the highest standards possible. However, Mr. Mannix sent
    a group of men to disrupt the Vulcan Society FDNY exam preparation
    course. This isn’t slander because Mr. Mannix has admitted to this
    action, “Mannix, president of Merit Matters, a group that opposes
    affirmative action in the FDNY, said he’d forwarded the Vulcans’
    invitation to his distribution list because he believed their classes
    were better than the city’s.”[8] Why would an organization
    that claims to stress working hard to earn employment within the FDNY
    send a group of young men to disrupt Exam preparation classes? Does
    that action reflect the philosophical ethos of this organization
    which claims the candidates whom work the hardest deserve to be
    hired? Mr. Mannix has also stated in writing the FDNY should
    not be penalized because there are other civil service agencies not
    representative of New York City’s demographics. On the very surface
    this seems a valid argument, but once critical thinking is applied to
    that statement it’s quickly revealed to be another example of Mr.
    Mannix’s flawed logic; which is meant to justify discriminatory
    hiring practices within the FDNY. Where is the evidence that white
    males or females are being denied employment in those NYC civil
    service agencies? All people are protected under the same 1964 Civil
    Rights Act, and any discriminated group can sue their City, State,
    Federal government, or Private Companies to correct illegal hiring

    At this point I’m more than
    justified to ‘stop walking on eggshells’ and allowed to call this
    so-called Advocacy group what it truly are and not what they pretend
    to be. Merit Matters is a mob of angry white males whom are adamant
    about maintaining “white privilege” and “overwhelming white
    male majority” within a taxpayer funded civil service agency. This
    effectively designates Merit Matters as the de facto ‘white
    supremacist group’ operating within the FDNY. Furthermore, Mr. Manix
    has stated, “I have been contacted many times by firefighters
    expressing their frustration with this plan. This resentment has the
    potential to create a divisive, toxic atmosphere and thwart the team
    building required for optimal performance at fires and
    emergencies.”[10] A valid case can also be made there are
    active duty firefighters conspiring to hinder, and maybe even
    sabotage, FDNY operations if any priority-hire African-Americans and
    Hispanic applicants are allowed to join this city agency; based on
    examination of previous statements. Especially, when comparing Mr.
    Mannix’s statements with the objection letter from FDNY companies

    Judge Garaufis ruling isn’t merely
    about monetary damages to African-American and Hispanic applicants
    with potential jobs offers. Judge Garaufis completely understands the
    FDNY’s discriminatory employment practices go beyond testing, and the
    entire hiring process is in fact corrupted. Judge Garaufis wisely
    ordered a court monitor to oversee the entire FDNY recruitment &
    hiring process, because the evidence is overwhelming the FDNY and NYC
    officials can not be trusted to adhered to Federal regulations.[11]
    A disposition from Patricia Kavaler a former assistant commissioner
    for personnel was submitted which prove that white candidates were
    being allowed into the FDNY with criminal records and other
    questionable concerns, because their family and friends within the
    FDNY ‘pulled strings’ to get them hired.[12] Even the local
    union UFA 94 recognizes the history of FDNY discrimination, “Some
    firefighters in the New York City Fire Department are actively
    opposing a federal judge’s order to reform the department’s long
    history of bad employment practices.” [13] UFA printed that
    editorial in the New York Times in January of 2012 and also posted
    that notice of their website

    I do have parting advice for any
    active duty FDNY firefighters who agrees with Merit Matters. On
    behalf of the people of NYC please feel free to resign or retire.
    This isn’t an insult, but sound advice that firefighters agreeing
    with Merit Matters should seriously consider. Your mentality
    threatens the safety of the people of NYC, members of your fire
    company, and also yourself; especially if you are unable to accept
    that you may soon be working within a more diversified agency. New
    York City is a Cosmopolitan Metropolis composed of diverse Ethnic
    Groups and Nationalities in case you haven’t noticed. Do not insult
    my fellow residents by thinking you are tolerating us because you
    have some kind of twisted messiah-complex going on inside your mind.
    Either have the Courage to serve with your fellow firefighters
    regardless of their ethnicity or have the Courage to leave and Allow
    another Deserving and Willing individual to Serve in your place.


    “My Objection – by FDNY Deputy Chief and Merit Matters President
    Paul Mannix,” Merit

    Matters Blogspot,
    August 21, 2012, accessed September 24, 2012.

    “Object to Proposed Relief Order,” FDNY’s Engine 28 and Ladder
    11, July 27th, 2012, accessed
    September 24, 2012. http://28and11.com/?p=196

    Del Signore, John. “Widow of FDNY Recruit Suing Over “Racist”
    Training Program,” Gothamist, February 13, 2009, accessed September
    24, 2012.

    Fair, Flor. “Claim Cheating, Favoritism Tainted Firefighter
    Hiring,” Uniformed Firefighters Association of Greater New York,
    August 09, 2011, accessed September 24, 2012.

    [5]Costella, AnnMarie. “Asian firefighters see no racism in the
    FDNY,” Queens Chronicle, January 19, 2012, accessed
    September 24, 2012.

    Garaufis, Nicholas. “Proposed Relief Order,” Drafted In the
    United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York,
    July 10, 2012, accessed September 24, 2012.

    “Object to Proposed Relief Order,” FDNY’s Engine 28 and Ladder
    11, July 27th, 2012, accessed September 24, 2012.

    Dorsey, Sarah. “Dispute Whether Race Figured Into Exclusion From
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