Iceman’s Genome Furnishes Clues to His Ailments and Ancestry

Kate Wong, Yahoo! News, February 28, 2012

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Ever since two hikers happened upon the mummified body of tzi the Iceman on a high mountain pass in the tzal Alps in 1991, scientists have been working to figure out who he was and where he came from. Previous research indicated that tzi spent his life within a 60-kilometer radius of where the hikers found him and died around 5,300 years ago, most likely from an arrow wound in his shoulder. Now the sequencing of his genome is allowing experts to fill in more details, such as the color of his eyes, his cardiovascular health and where his ancestors originated.

The "Iceman."

Albert Zink of the European Academy of Bozen/Bolzano in Italy and his colleagues report the results of the sequencing work in a paper published today in Nature Communications (Scientific American is part of Nature Publishing Group). The team found that the Iceman probably had brown eyes and type O blood. He was also most likely lactose intolerant as an adult. Analyses further revealed that the Iceman had several genetic risk factors for coronary heart disease. Several years ago, computer tomography scans of the mummy showed evidence of arteriosclerosis hardening of the arteries yet he appeared to have a healthy lifestyle. {snip}

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Intriguingly, comparison of the Iceman s genome with DNA from present-day populations linked him not to mainland European groups, but to people from the Mediterranean island of Sardinia. Study co-author Peter Underhill of Stanford University observes that there are two possibilities for how someone with a Sardinian genetic signature ended up in the Alps 5,300 years ago. “The presence of similar genetic heritage to [the] Iceman persisting in modern day Sardinians is suggestive that Sardinia represents a relic distribution of the gene pool that was in place on the Italian mainland during prehistoric times but now has largely been transformed by subsequent population events such as migrations, genetic mixing, etc.,” he offers. “Sometime during the past [10,000] years some people with a genetic constitution similar to [the] Iceman’s colonized Sardinia. This isolated region/gene pool was more impervious to events that transpired on the mainland.” Alternatively, Underhill notes, the Iceman’s parents may have have traveled to the mainland from Sardinia. {snip}

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A reconstruction of "Iceman."

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  • Wouldn’t be surprised.

    Sardinia has had past advanced cultures in the past. I wouldn’t be surprised if he were one of the forerunners of the Nuragic civilization that eventually arose on the islands thousand of years later.

  • I read in another article that Iceman was around 40 years old at the time of his death.  In the representation, he looks 70.  If its even close to accurate, its a sign that people at that time lived an incredibly hard life. 

  • Sonya610

    The “worms”  are maggots.

  • Stephen Wordsworth

    He had the blood of 3 different people on his ax knife and arrow head. He died from an arrow which stuck in the back at the shoulder. Someone then rolled him onto his front (which is why his arm is in that awkward position) and pulled out the arrow shaft but neglected to either put him in a more comfortable position or loot his ax. This was not an ordered ritual it was a chaotic fight. Academics have an odd aversion to evidence of war in archaeology and a desire to attribute everything to ritual.