ethnic makeup of the world’s largest economy will be increasingly
diverse, with more mixed- race Americans, according to the head of
the U.S. Census Bureau.
“This is the decade of Tiger Woods and Barack Obama, where we
talked about race combinations,” Robert Groves, director of the
federal agency, said about forthcoming 2010 Census data in an
interview on Bloomberg Television’s “Political Capital with Al
Hunt,” airing this weekend. “I can’t wait to see the
pattern of responses on multiple races. That’ll be a neat indicator
The 2010 Census was the second consecutive decennial count to
allow residents to identify as more than one race, and Groves said
it’s likely that more respondents checked off multiple races.
The nation’s population grew 9.7 percent to 308,745,538 in 2010,
from the previous decade, with the fastest gains coming in the South
and West, the agency said this week. The release included only U.S.
and state population figures, with more data on race, ethnicity,
housing and other variables provided in February and March for all
levels of geography.
The overall growth, driven by an increase in Hispanic residents,
was the weakest in seven decades as the worst recession since the
Great Depression stunted immigration. The latest U.S. population
count shows the nation’s demographic center of gravity continued to
shift, advancing a decades-old movement of people and political clout
away from the Northeast and Midwest.
When Obama was born in 1961, more than half the nation — 54
percent — lived in the Midwest and Northeast. Now, midway through
his first term, 39 percent live there, the census data show.
The U.S. has the lowest median age of any of the Group of Seven
nations, according to United Nations’ estimates for 2010.
Youthfulness is one variable for future growth because younger people
tend to have more children.