Research Finds Stonehenge Was Monument Marking Unification of Britain

PhysOrg, June 22, 2012

After 10 years of archaeological investigations, researchers have concluded that Stonehenge was built as a monument to unify the peoples of Britain, after a long period of conflict and regional difference between eastern and western Britain.

Its stones are thought to have symbolized the ancestors of different groups of earliest farming communities in Britain, with some stones coming from southern England and others from west Wales.

The teams, from the universities of Sheffield, Manchester, Southampton, Bournemouth and University College London, all working on the Stonehenge Riverside Project (SRP), explored not just Stonehenge and its landscape but also the wider social and economic context of the monument’s main stages of construction around 3,000 BC and 2,500 BC.

“When Stonehenge was built”, said Professor Mike Parker Pearson of the University of Sheffield, “there was a growing island-wide culture—the same styles of houses, pottery and other material forms were used from Orkney to the south coast. This was very different to the regionalism of previous centuries. Stonehenge itself was a massive undertaking, requiring the labour of thousands to move stones from as far away as west Wales, shaping them and erecting them. Just the work itself, requiring everyone literally to pull together, would have been an act of unification.”

Stonehenge may have been built in a place that already had special significance for prehistoric Britons. The SRP team have found that its solstice-aligned Avenue sits upon a series of natural landforms that, by chance, form an axis between the directions of midsummer sunrise and midwinter sunset.

Professor Parker Pearson continued: “When we stumbled across this extraordinary natural arrangement of the sun’s path being marked in the land, we realized that prehistoric people selected this place to build Stonehenge because of its pre-ordained significance. This might explain why there are eight monuments in the Stonehenge area with solstitial alignments, a number unmatched anywhere else. Perhaps they saw this place as the centre of the world”.

{snip}

Previous theories have suggested the great stone circle was used as a prehistoric observatory, a sun temple, a place of healing, and a temple of the ancient druids. The Stonehenge Riverside Project’s researchers have rejected all these possibilities after the largest programme of archaeological research ever mounted on this iconic monument. As well as finding houses and a large village near Stonehenge at Durrington Walls, they have also discovered the site of a former stone circle—Bluestonehenge—and revised the dating of Stonehenge itself. All these discoveries are now presented in Parker Pearson’s new book Stonehenge: exploring the greatest Stone Age mystery published by Simon & Schuster. The research was supported by the Arts and Humanities Research Council, National Geographic and many other funding bodies.

 

Topics: ,

Share This

We welcome comments that add information or perspective, and we encourage polite debate. If you log in with a social media account, your comment should appear immediately. If you prefer to remain anonymous, you may comment as a guest, using a name and an e-mail address of convenience. Your comment will be moderated.
  • loyalwhitebriton

    “..we realised that prehistoric people selected this place to build Stonehenge because of its pre-ordained significance.” (my emphasis)

    This story simply confirms what I already knew; not only is God white, He’s British!

  • Memo to Superintendent of Schools, City of New York: Please do not bring Junior High School 292 on a field trip here.  Thank you.

  • IKantunderstand

    No, no no! This is not a symbol of unification. No, this is a symbol of White Britons supremacist hegemony over the British Isles. It must come down. NOW. It is insulting to all the proud new “britons” of color. Unification with the historical and rightful inhabitants is cultural colonization. The very vibrancy of the new inhabitants could be jeopardized. Please, for the sake of cultural diversity, and the peace of mind of the “new briton”, : Mr. Cameron, tear down that henge!

    • Like the Confederate flag, they may well tear it down!

      • IKantunderstand

        Can you say: “Ancient Buddhist Statues”? Of course they will tear it down. I’m just saying the White -rollover- -and- play- dead Britons should do it first. That way, they can prove their undying (so to speak) committment to glorious and vibrant diversity!

      • loyalwhitebriton

        Believe me, nobody is going to tear down Stonehenge. The bulldozers will face thousands, even tens of thousands, of us loyal white Britons, not to mention the numerous pagan ‘new agers’.
        And many of us will be armed!

    • IstvanIN

      Hallelujah!

      • IKantunderstand

        Can I get an Amen! (God have Mercy).

  • How sad that our ancient culture is being destroyed in our lifetime.

    • ncpride

      I was thinking the same thing. I was watching a documentary today on the largest discovery of Anglo-Saxon artifacts ever found in some remote field in Britian, and how awed and thrilled those people were to find them. Thousands waited in line to see these artifacts of their ancestors, and I couldn’t help but wonder why the government, and liberal nutters are allowing their history, culture and proud heritage be destroyed by third world savages. It’s beyond tragic.

  • John_Haw

    It’s a lot like a round table, isn’t it?

  • KingKenton

    Well, I am glad to read that someone actually suggested a reasonable and believable theory concerning Stonehenge. I don’t think I could take another, “It was a landing-pad for space-craft to return and get the Druid people that extra-terrestrial people had birthed many eons ago, before the Christians ruined the pagan paradise known as Stonehenge… blah, blah”.

    • Le Fox

      Of course Ancient Aliens has to come around and ruin otherwise plausible theories.

      You know it has to happen. Just another way of stealing history.

  • JackKrak

    Stonehinge was built somewhere between 3,000 and 2,500 BC…..

    About four and half thousand years after that, the first English explorers set foot in darkest Africa and found that Stonehinge was STILL beyond the technological capabilities of the natives.

  • mikejones91

    A good point but your leaving out one thing. These Brits, regardless of geography, were still “white”. Big difference. Mutually suspect populations living among-st  each other. What could go wrong?

  • Formerly_Known_as_Whiteplight

     I’ve been to Stonehenge and some other ancient sites in the British Isles as well.  I think what you are saying bears some merit.  There are too many other sites on the islands, including New Grange in Ireland that “just happen to align” with the Solstice and just happen to align with other solar events.   At New Grange, the entry to the ritual cremation bowl room is “coincidentally” lit up by the rising sun on the Summer Solstice.  They were using a beam to replicate this effect when I was there and it was amazing how bright the room grew.  But they were just too dumb to have planned that, too. 

     I suspect that the political manipulation behind this report is to harp on the “unification” theme they want to ascribe as a sole cause for Stonehenge because they want present populations to “learn the lesson” from the ancients.  It’s very clever; they seek to isolate white separatists/nationalists in time from even their ancestors.

    I remember when I was in Ireland in 1988 there was a book called “The Stars and the Stones.”  It was so pro-Irish and pro-indigenous people through it well researched and wonderfully interpreted archeology sites that it for some reason became controversial.  It was taken out of print entirely.

    Regardless of this new announcement, anyone who is familiar with the archeological sites of the British Isles knows that the grooved earthenware and the diminishing circle designs are common to all the sites.  This means that they were all the same people culturally.